Ito, Karen L. (Karen Lee), 1947-. Lady friends: Hawaiian ways and the ties that define

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Lady friends: Hawaiian ways and the ties that define

Published By: Original publisher Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1999. xi, 175 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Karen L. Ito

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hawaiians (OV05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Gift giving (431); Etiquette (576); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Family (590); Informal in-group justice (627);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a study of six urban Hawaiian households. Ito interacted with household members, extended families, and friends; but focused on the mothers, who according to her, are the mainstays of the family. An important set of familial traditions is associated with interpersonal conflict. Disputes and their resolution are invoked by the metaphors 'entanglements' (HIHIA), 'loosening' (KALA), 'cutting' ('OKI), and 'to make right' (HO'OPONOPONO). Negative emotions, such as coldness, unkindness, jealousy, stinginess, and insincerity entangle and bind. They block the smooth functioning of social interactions on which reciprocity and community are based. Path-clearing ceremonies and clearing-the-way prayers are practiced to restore the set of positive emotions associated with the word ALOHA: love, generosity, affection, hospitality, empathy, and warmth. Ito argues that even though urban families are alienated from the land they are able to maintain their identity by practicing the above traditions.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ov05-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 155-171) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1973-1974

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1970-1998

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kalihi, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hawaiians

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