Buck, Peter Henry, 1877?-1951. Samoan material culture

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Samoan Material Culture

Introduction

Houses

General Features

Terminology

Types Of Houses

Carpenter Shed

Canoe Shed

Cooking Houses

Types And Methods Of Construction

Dwelling Houses

Guest Houses

The Long Guest House

The Round Guest House

Preparation

Itu Middle Section

The Roof

Tradition Of Unfinished Thatch

House Platforms

The Tale Of The Unfinished Floor

Names Of Houses

Spirit Houses Or Temples

Store Houses

House Furnishings

Mat Collecting

Protection Of Houses

Traditional Origin Of The Samoan House

Guild Of Builders

Society Trade Marks

Contracts

Feasts

Ceremony Of Raising Posts

The Final Feast

Ceremonial Positions

Number Of Collar Beams

Cooking Utensils, Food, And Kava

Untitled Section: ...

The Kitchen

Fire

Firewood

The Earth Oven

Tongs

Leaf Covers

Processes In Food Preparation

Vessels And Bowls

Food Utensils

Miscellaneous

Foods

Varieties And Use

Flesh Foods

Vegetable Foods

Tradition Of First Masi

Resume Of Cooking Processes

Meals

Serving

Food Customs

The Stranger's Post

Kava

Utensils

Kava Bowls

Kava Drinking Cups

The Strainer

Stone Anvils And Beaters

Preparation Of The Beverage

Serving

Kava Cup Titles

Kava Naming Ceremony

The Usual Ceremony

Status Of Kava

Plaiting

Untitled Section: ...

Terminology

Material

House Accessories

Coconut Leaf Food Platters

Baskets

Common Types

Fishing Baskets

Chief's Basket

Round Baskets

Breadfruit Cover

Miscellaneous Baskets

Pandanus Leaf Baskets

Baskets For Storing

Four-cornered Baskets With Round Rims

Baskets Made Of Sennit

Baskets In Coiled Work

Mats

Coconut-leaf Mats

Pandanus Mats

Papa Or Paongo Mats

Fala Mats

Right Angled Plaiting

Lau'ie Sleeping Mats

Decoration In Samoan Plaiting

Eye Shades

Twines, Cords, And Ropes

Material

Terminology

Threads Or Fine Cords

Twisted Cords

Sennit Two-ply Cord

Three-ply Twisted Cords

Sennit Three-ply Braid

Four-ply Braid

Five-ply Braid

Ropes

Plaiting Customs

Clothing

Untitled Section: ...

Kilts

Plaited Kilts

Textile Kilts

Shaggy Garments

Transitional Garments

Fine Mats

Materials And Implements

Bark Cloth

Materials And Technique

Bundling Process

Beating The Bast

Stretching

Drying

Closing The Holes

The Completion Of Slapo Cloth

Plain Siapo

Dyes

Varieties And Methods Of Preparation

Colored Designs On Bark Cloth

Samoan Method Of Dyeing Cloth

Varieties Of Rubbed Cloth

Uses Of Bark Cloth

Smoked Cloth

Sandals

Significance Of Clothing, Customs, And Usages

Famous Mats

Stonework

Untitled Section: ...

Unworked Stone

Walls

Stone Roads

Stone House

Analysis Of Data

The Seat Of Sina

Ruins In Vaivasa Valley

Propitiatory Rocks

Tupua Rocks

Adzes

Terminology

Quadrangular Adzes

Triangular Adzes

Summary Of Types And Technique

Adz Hafting

Chisels

Couges

Stone Coconut Graters

Knives And Scrapers

Sinkers

Anchors

Squid Lure Sinkers

Throwing Discs And Other Artifacts

Summary

Canoes

Untitled Section: ...

Dugout Canoes

Plank Canoes

The Small Dugout Canoe

The Medium Dugout Canoe

The Large Dugout Canoe

Plank Canoes

The Bonito Plank Canoe

The Three Boom Plank Canoe

The Boat Canoe

The Double Canoe

Customs And Usage

History

Fishing

Untitled Section: ...

General Features

Snares

Shark Noose And Its Uses

Floats

Torches

Coconut Leaf Sweeps

Leaf Weirs And Dams

Lures

Legend Of The Fe'eand The Rat

Fish Spears

Bow And Arrow

Scoops

Legendary Origin

Fish Narcotizing

Walled Fish Weirs

Fish Traps

Manipulated Trap

Self Acting Traps

The Lobster Pot Trap

The Separate Funnel Trap

Double Entrance Trap

Bamboo Double Entrance Trap

Sea Eel Trap

Nets

Netting Material

Technique

Types Of Nets

Hand Nets

Casting Net

Seine Nets

Traditional Origin

Angling

Cobwebs And Gorges

Hooks

Baited Hooks

Trolling Hooks

The Large Trolling Hook

Bonito Trolling Hook

Hand Line Trolling Hooks

Hand Rod Trolling Hooks

Usage And Custom

Snakes

Hunting

Untitled Section: ...

Traps

Nets

Hooking Appliance

Fowling

Snares

Traps

Bow And Arrow

Pigeon Netting

Tern Netting

Food, Sport, And Social Influence

Horticulture

Implements

Cultivable Food Plants

Textile Plants

Fruit Plants

Scarecrows

Prohibitions And Myths

Remarks

Games And Recreations

Toys

Swings And Skipping Ropes

Stilts

Sliding

Tops

Jackstones

Water Tip-cat

Kites And Flying Leaves

Pigeon Flying

String Figures

First Variation

Second Variation

No Name

Laulau

Pili Me'ime'i

Ati

Mongamonga

Ipu

Fale Sa

Jack Straws

Disc Pitching

Disc Throwing

Dart Throwing

Spear Throwing

Club Matches

Summary

Musical Instruments

Dance Time Implements

The Wooden Gongs

The Drum

Trumpets

Sound Instruments

Dance Accessories

Summary

Weapons

Clubs

Billet Clubs

Rootstock Clubs

Coconut Stalk Clubs

The Eight-spiked Club

The Bilateral-toothed Club

Paddle Clubs

The Ear-shaped, Or Mushroom Club

The Unilateral-toothed And Hook Clubs

Doubtful Clubs

Short Clubs

Spears

Slings

War Accessories

Carving

Summary

Religious Objects

Personal Adornment And Decoration

Untitled Section: ...

Headdresses

Hair Ornamentation

Combs

Ear Ornaments

Necklaces

Breast Ornaments

Armlets And Anklets

Body Decoration

Staffs

Fly Whisks

Fans

Summary

Tattooing

Implements

Tattooing Motifs

The Operation

The Navel

Variation In Design Elements

Remarks

Women's Tattooing

Tattooing Motifs

The Operation

Traditional Origin

Customs

Conclusion

Culture And Race

Houses

Food

Plaiting

Clothing

Stonework

Canoes

Fishing

Hunting

Horticulture

Games

Musical Instruments

Weapons

Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Samoan material culture

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu, Hawaii: The Museum. 1930. 1 p. l., xi, [1], [3]-724 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck)

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Samoans (OU08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Comparative evidence (171); Prehistory (172); Cordage (283); Felted and other non-interworked fabrics (287); Mats and basketry (285); Normal garb (291); Paint and dye manufacture (386); Dwellings (342); General tools (412); Food preparation (252); Personal grooming (302); Boats (501); Shipbuilding (396); Fishing gear (227);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is a fairly complete catalog of Samoan material culture. However, some relevant material on Samoan social structure is included. Buck does not provide a great deal on those aspects of material culture which are adequately covered in other documents. He deals intensively with housing, utensils, food plants and animals, kava, plaiting, clothing, bark cloth, tools, boats, fishing and hunting gear, games, weapons, ornaments, and tattooing. Distributional comparisons of Samoan material culture with that of other Oceanic groups occur frequently throughout the text, and the concluding chapter consists of a summary of the material cultural position of Samoa in Polynesia. This section (pp. 661-680) has been marked for both OU8 Samoa and OS2 Polynesians. Fifty-six end plates are described in a section of the text which precedes them. A paginated index follows the plates. The author spent six months in Samoa in 1927-28, distributed as follows: three weeks in Tutuila, two months in Manua, and over two months in Savaii and Upolu. The author also makes extensive use of the literature on Samoa and on Polynesia as a whole.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ou08-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'Literature cited': p. 681-682

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1927-1928

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. William W. Stein ; 1956

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1927-1928

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Western Samoa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Samoan Islands/Samoa

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