Bollig, Laurentius. The inhabitants of the Truk Islands: religion, life and a short grammar of a Micronesian people

Table of Contents

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The Inhabitants Of The Truk Islands: Religion, Life, And A Short Grammar Of A Micronesian People


Untitled Section: ...

Part I. Religion.

1. The Sky.

2. The Gods.

3. The Nature Spirits.

4. The Spirits Of Earthly Origin

A) The Soul Before Death.

B) Funeral Practices

C. The Soul After Death.

5. Cult Activities

A) The Relationship Of The Gods And Spirits To Human Beings

B) The Relationship Of Human Beings To The Gods And Spirits

(1) Prayer.

(2) Offerings.

(3) Dancing

(4) The Binin (prohibitions).

C) Inemes, Her Activities And Her Veneration.

6. The Carriers Of The Religion.

A) General.

B) Individual Categories.

(1) The Ida[unknown].

(2) The Uanönu .

(3) The Soupue .

(4) The Souatomai.

(5) The Soufalafal .

(6) The Souboud .

7. Origin Of Human Beings (totemism).

Part Ii. Land And People.

1. Childbirth. Infanticide. Twins. Feeding. Mortality. The First Tooth. Name-giving. Growth. Treatment And Training. Work. Independence. Clothing. Relationship Of The Larger Children To The Parents.

2. Betrothal. Marriage. Parents-in-law And Son-in-law. Divorce. Husband And Wife. Adultery. Jealousy. Immoral Customs. Modesty. Obstacles To Marriage. Wife Stealing. Polygamy. Position Of Women. Widowhood. Kinship Relations. Binin .

A) General Expressions.

B) Special Expressions.

3. War. Conduct Of War. Blood Revenge. War Songs. Weapons. Concluding Peace. Combat School. Origin Of The Two Mateu .

4. The Tribe. The Chiefs. Selfishness And Partiality Of The Chiefs. Duties Of The Chiefs. The Kobu[unknown] . Tribute. Chiefs And Government. Authority To Punish. Etiquette. Succession. The Ulen Fanu .

5. Property. Communism. Law Of Inheritance. Disputes Over Land. Riri . Barter. Money. Trade Relations. System Of Compensation. Thievery. Areret . Sot . Linear Measures.


7. The Manufacture Of Sebi , Lul , Faupar. Agriculture. Coconuts, Breadfruit; Other Plantings, Taro. Storing The Breadfruit. Tobacco, Curcuma.

8. Fish. Fishing Methods Of The Men. Turtles. Fishing By The Women. Bird-catching. Animal Husbandry.

9. Art Of Cooking: Kon , Apot , Madün, Mainub , Böten . Preparation Of Fish, Pork. Manner Of Eating. Hospitality. Anthropophagy. Water Situation. Beverages. Smoking. Famine.

10. Woven Work. Weaving Songs. Clothing. Kanaka Vanity. Yellow Coloring. Tattooing. Decorative Scars. Ear Ornaments. Hair Care. Perfumes. Wearing Of European Clothing.

11. Dance Adornment. Way Of Dancing. Head Dancers. Usek . Dancing And Sorcery. Humor In Connection With Dancing. Feasts, Games.


13. Illnesses. Treatment Of The Sick In General. Danger Of Dying. The Forlorn Sick. False Pity. Massage. Treatment Of Sores. Castration. Skull Injuries. Medicinal Treatment. Cripples. Suicide. Apparent Death.

14. Penetrating Into The Hidden And The Future. Superstitious Signs.



17. Physical Constitution: Build, Eyes, Hearing, Taste. Mental Abilities. Character Attributes.

18. Configuration Of Truk. The Individual Islands. Swamps. Arrangement Of The Villages. Climate. Vegetation. Fauna.

19. Origin. Connection With Other Islands. A Few Things From The History.

20. Stories ( Uruo, Dudunap , Umes ). Riddles. Sayings And Songs.

A. The Stories.

I. The Uruo.

Ii. The Dudunap .

1. The Five Fingers Of The Hand.

2. The Heron ( Nikokop ) And The Rat.

3. Morub And His Five Children

4. Uwou And Limaku (1) .

Iii. The Umes .

B. Songs And Sayings.

1. Children’s Songs.

2. Lullabies ( Etiwetiwen Mönukol ).

3.songs For Carrying Food.

4. Songs For Pulling.

C. Riddles ( Esisin) .

D. The Metaphorical Language.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The inhabitants of the Truk Islands: religion, life and a short grammar of a Micronesian people

Published By: Original publisher Munster i W.: Aschendorff. 1927. HRAF Ms: iv, 285 p. [Original: viii, 302 p.]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication P. Laurentius Bollig

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Chuuk (OR19)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Glossary (104); Literary texts (539); Religious beliefs (770); Religious practices (780);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph presents a detailed account of Chuukese ethnography collected and compiled by the author, a Capuchin missionary, from his own observations and supplemented by data from the older islanders concerning former conditions prior to European-Japanese contacts. The work is divided into three parts, the first of which deals with various aspects of Chuukese religion, and the second, entitled 'Land and People,' with other aspects of ethnography, as for example, child rearing, marriage customs, warfare, tribal organization, property, the sailing canoe, various forms of manufacture, fishing, food preparation, weaving, dancing, the men's house, illness, omens, ordering of time, language, physical descriptions of the population, geography, culture history and stories and tales. The organization of the monograph is rather unusual, reflecting perhaps the author's primary field of interest, with the first 91 pages being devoted to an intensive study of native religion -- cosmology, mythology, spirits and gods, relations of spirits to man, and the various functionaries in the society whose roles are religiously oriented -- while the ethnographic data which follow in part II, following p. 91, are more or less haphazardly put together so that, for example, geography and culture history which generally precede the bulk of material in most monographs, in this case will be found near the end of the source. The actual data are nevertheless fairly comprehensive in the general coverage of material culture and certain aspects of social and political organization, but lack specific information in regard to the social and political structure of Chuukese society, as well as kinship. The analysis of religion is outstanding.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 22

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. or19-022

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from German

Note: Translation of: Die Bewohner der Truk-Inseln. Religion, Leben und kurze Grammatok eines Mikronesiervolkes|The original German text is not included Translated from the German in 1942 for the Yale Cross-Cultural Survey in connection with the Navy Pacific Islands Handbook Project. Pp. 257-287 of the original, the short grammar, and the index were not translated The role of SOURONG, a class of individuals who possessed various arts and skills obtained from the spirits, has been indexed for Friendship (571), while the concept of the arts and skills themselves, the RONG, has been indexed for Incorporeal Property (424) and Sacred Objects and Places (778).

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1912 - ca. 1920

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1968

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1912-1920

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Trukese (Micronesian people)


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