Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Whiting, John Wesley Mayhew, 1908-
Becoming a Kwoma: teaching and learning in a New Guinea
Published By: Original publisher
New Haven: Published for the Institute of Human Relations
by Yale University Press. 1941. xix, 226 p., plates ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by John W. M. Whiting ; with a foreword by John
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Culture summary (105);
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Religious beliefs (770);
Social readjustments to death (768);
Hunting and trapping (224);
Infancy and childhood (850);
Kin relationships (602);
Adolescence, adulthood, and old age (880);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This study describes in detail the socialization process of
the Kwoma individual. Young children are treated with very great indulgence, and scolding
and beating are practiced in moderation in disciplining older children. The males have to
undergo several age grade ceremonies in which certain religious secrets are revealed to
them and scarification is practiced. Only after he has been initiated into the highest
grade is a man permitted to plant yams. Headhunting, traditionally a source for personal
merit, seems to have almost vanished under the pressure of the colonial administration. The
author presents data which are primarily on males, since his sex did not permit more than
superficial contact with Kwoma females. Also, data on the earliest phases of infancy are
limited, since during the first three months of life, a baby is not allowed to be observed
by anybody else than the closest family members; this, to prevent it from being harmed by
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sigrid Khera ; Helen Bornstein ; 1971-1974 ; Teferi Abate
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Rumbina Hamlet, Sepik River District,
Peilungua Mountains, Papua New Guinea
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Kwoma (Papua New Guinean people)