Hart, C. W. M. (Charles William Merton), 1905-1976. The Tiwi of North Australia

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Tiwi of North Australia

Published By: Original publisher New York: Henry Holt and Company. 1960. xii, 118 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by C. W. M. Hart and Arnold R. Pilling

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tiwi (OI20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Household (592); Polygamy (595); Collecting (222); Hunting and trapping (224); Marriage (580); Puberty and initiation (881); Status and treatment of the aged (888); Burial practices and funerals (764); General character of religion (771); Status, role, and prestige (554); Missions (797); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This account of the Tiwi is based on field work undertaken independently by each of the authors at different times. The study deals primarily with status manipulation and political behavior among the Tiwi but includes in connection with this a wide range of material on social life, marriage patterns, burial ceremonies, feuds, antagonisms, etc. The nature of Tiwi household organization, its economic functions and organization, and the functional relationship of this organization to the status system is also discussed. There is also some attempt to relate the peculiar nature of Tiwi social structure to geographical factors of isolation and to the favorable environment and abundant food supply found in their area of habitation. Religious practices and beliefs receive some treatment as well. Finally the authors consider some of the changes that have occurred among Tiwi as a result of mission influence and European contact and show how the nature of the changes has been adapted to basic Tiwi cultural patterns. The document is weak however on material culture and socialization processes, except for puberty initiation and there is little concrete material on kinship relations, sib and band organization.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oi20-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 115-118)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1928-1954

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Betty Potash ; 1960

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1900-1959

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Tiwi Islands, Northern Territory, Australia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tiwi (Australian people)

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