Nash, June C., 1927-. In the eyes of the ancestors: belief and behavior in a Mayan community

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Spirits And Places

The Territorial Divisions

Spirit Domains

Chapter 2 Traditional Economic Activities

Agricultural Production

Pottery Production

The Motivation To Produce

Choices And Strategies In Agricultural Production

Chapter 3 New Economic Activities

The Economic Potential Of The Ejido

Wage Labor And Occupational Specialties

New Economic Enterprises

The New Social Resources

Chapter 4 Family Authority And Community Control

The Household And Family

Behavior Defined In The Family

Chapter 5 Rituals Of Life Crisis


Betrothal And Marriage

Death And Burial

Chapter 6 Curing And The Curers

The Curing Hierarchy

Curing Behavior

The Logic Of Curing

Chapter 7 The Formal Organization Of Local Government

The Matrix Of Roles

Entry Into And Exit From Office

The Functions Of Civil Officials

Ritual Behavior

Chapter 8 Taking Care Of The Lord Spirits

Kinds Of Lord Spirits

Caring For The Lord Spirits Of The Church

Choosing And Installing The Alférez

Other Fiestas

Chapter 9 The Competition For Power

The Conflict Among Civil Officials

Challenge By The Civil Officials Of The Power Of The Curers

Political Parties And Factions

Competition Between Caciques

Conflict Among Religious Functionaries

Conflict And Social Change

Chapter 10 Roles, Persons, And The Evaluation Of Performance

The Role System

Evaluations Of Behavior

Notions Of Justice And Compensation

Chapter 11 Ordering Behavior By Places

The Concept Of Space

The House

The Cabildo

The Church

The School

Chapter 12 Ordering Behavior By Time

The Sense Of Time

The Daily Schedule

The Annual Cycle

Timing As A Strategy In Interpersonal Relations

Chapter 13 Belief And Behavior In A Changing Society

Economic Activities

The Family And Household

Religious Behavior

Political Behavior

Summary And Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: In the eyes of the ancestors: belief and behavior in a Mayan community

Published By: Original publisher New Haven, Conn. ; London: Yale University Press. 1970. 24, 368 p., plates map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] June Nash

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tzeltal (NV09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Production and supply (433);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book describes and analyzes changes taking place in the 1950s and 1960s in the Tzeltal community of Amatenango del Valle (Tzo?ontahal). These changes were in the economy, relationships to the Mexican government and the surrounding Ladino population, political leadership, and religion. Villagers were beginning to break the pattern of Ladino entrepreneurship through their own co-operatives (trucking co-op and co-op store). Political leadership, which had traditionally rested on the principle of age grading, had in some cases been given to young persons on grounds of their ability to write and speak Spanish. Literacy was increasing among the young people. Belief in the overall importance of the ancestors for the well-being of the community had given way to strong skepticism. As a result certain ceremonies had been dropped, and the healing practitioners were no longer considered as benevolent religious agents but were through-out suspected of witchcraft.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 7

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nv09-007

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Bibliography: p. 355-362. Includes index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1957, 1958, 1965, 1966, 1967 (18 months total)

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sigrid Khera ; John Beierle

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1950s-1960s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) municipio of Amatenango del Valle, community of Tzo?ontahal, Chiapas, Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tzeltal Indians


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