Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1875-1941. Mitla, town of the souls and other Zapoteco-speaking pueblos of Oaxaca, Mexico

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Town And Population

Chapter Ii Economic Life

Chapter Iii Family And Personal Life

The Circle Of Family And Compadres

Early Life

Marriage

Sickness And Curers

Witchcraft

Death And Burial

Chapter Iv Government

Induction Into Office

Reception To The Secretary-general

Interpueblo Relations

Chapter V Religion

The Cura

Chanters, Prayer Makers, Elder Brothers (spokesmen)

The Musicians

The Mayordomía

Candlemaking And Drinking Party At San Baltazar

The Reception Of The Deputies At Huilá

The Supernaturals

Chapter Vi Calendar

New Year (z., Is Kob )

Kings' Day, January 6 (s., Día De Los Santos Reyes; Z., Pask□ Yion Rey, Pascua, Three Kings)

Mayordomía Of San Esquipula, January 15 The Fiesta Of San Pablo, 9 January 25

Candelmas, February 2 (s., Candelaria; Z., A□ Mer Gal Candelar )

Carnival And Ash Wednesday ( Carnestolenda And Miercoles De Ceniza )

Holy Week (s., Semana Santa; Z., A□ Mer Man Sant )

Holy Cross Day, May 3 (s., El Día De La Santa Cruz; Z., A□ Mer Gal Santa Cruz )

Fiesta Patriótica, September 15–17 (z., A□ Mer Gal Diez-y-seis )

Chapter Vii Shrines And Rites

Chapter Viii Lore And Tales

Omens

Dreams

Luck And Talismans

Favorable And Unfavorable Days

Consequences Of Waste Or Negligence

Tales

The Barren Woman 25

Lightning 39

First Lighting And The Wilful Little Orphan 42

Horned Water Serpent And Lightning

The Devil Who Drove Away The Clouds 50

The Plumed Serpent Of San Miguel 52

Lightning Resurrects

Lighting And The Padre 54

The Mixe Who Became Lightning 58

Mountain Spirits 61

Sus Giber 65

Sus Giber And The King 74

Skeleton And Good Wind 79

The Flowers Of The Fandango 80

Baldhead (jˇol) 81

Hummingbird Is Go-between 85

Sabio Salomón 86

How The First People Were Made 88

Noéh 90

María And San José 92

San Pablo 96

San Antonio 97

San Isidro 98

The Mother Of San Pedro 101

The Founding Of Mexico And The Arrival Of The Spaniards 102

Barn-owl, Mayor De Bara 105

The Souls 108

He Sells Himself To The Devil 109

The Salted Skin 110

Chapter Ix Los Serranos

Chapter X Town Gossip

I

Ii

Iii

Iv

V

Vi

Vii

Viii

Ix

X

Xi

Xii

Xiii

Xiv

Xv

Xvi

Xvii

Xviii

Xix

Xx

Xxi

Xxii

Xxiii

Xxiv

Xxv

Xxvi

Xxvii

Xxviii

Xxix

Xxx

Xxxi

Xxxii

Xxxiii

Xxxiv

Xxxv

Xxxvi

Xxxvii

Xxxviii

Xxxix

Xl

Xli

Xlii

Xliii

Xliv

Xlv

Xlvi

Xlvii

Xlviii

Xlix

L

Li

Lii

Liii

Liv

Lv

Lvi

Lvii

Lviii

Lix

Chapter Xi Indian Or Spanish?

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Mitla, town of the souls and other Zapoteco-speaking pueblos of Oaxaca, Mexico

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1936 [third impression, 1970]. 19, 590 p., 51 plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Elsie Clews Parsons

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zapotec (NU44)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Observation in research (123); Comparative evidence (171); Towns (632); Cultural participation (184); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Historical reconstruction (174); Organized ceremonial (796); Literary texts (539);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is a rich description of Zapotec lifeways, abundantly annotated with comparative material on non-Zapotec peoples. Category 171 was used for the latter material, including information the Aztecs, which is presented more as distributional evidence than as historical data. Category 184 was used for material on variability among Zapotec communities. The author's thorough familiarity with her subject, acquired in the course of three visits in 1929-1933, has permitted her to employ an expository style which requires the particularly close attention of the researcher. Much of the material is presented so as to form a verbal approximation of a visual image; new data on topics which appear to have been previously covered is thus sprinkled throughout this series of vignettes.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu44-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 570-573)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1929-1933

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Jan Simpson ; 1979

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1900-1933

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Town of Mitla, Valley Zapotec, Oaxaca, Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zapotec Indians/Indians of Mexico--Oaxaca/San Pablo Villa de Mitla (Mexico)

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