- Browse Documents by Author >
- Full Context
Sahagún, Bernadino de, -1590. General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 4 -- the soothsayers and book 5 -- the omens
Table of Contents
Fourth Book, Which Telleth Of The Book Of Days Which The Mexicans Handed Down. This Was In Order That The Readers Of The Day Signs 1 Might Study The Good And Evil Days. In It Were Set Forth The Day Signs Here Recounted, And How Those Would Fare Who Were Born On Them. And This Book Of Days Is More Correctly Called Sorcery, For It Belonged To The Sorcerers.
First Chapter , Which Telleth Of The First Sign, Which Was Named One Crocodile, And Of The Good Fortune Which They Merited Who Were Born Then — Men Or Women. These Same Destroyed And Ruined It Because Of Their Negligence. 2
Second Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Second [day] Sign, Which Was Named One Ocelot, And Which Was Not A Good Day Sign For Those Who Were Born On It—men And Women—to Obtain Reward; But, Nevertheless, He Who Showed Prudence Might Well Be Saved Through Forethought; And Of Those Born On [this Day Sign] Almost All Became Slaves.
Third Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Third Sign, Named One Deer; And The Good Fortune Which Those Then Born—men Or Women — Merited. And If It Were Not Realized, These Lost It Through Laziness.
Fourth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Second House, When It Was The Time Of This Sign, Named Two Rabbit; And Those Then Born In It Did Nothing But Drink Wine.
Sixth Chapter , Which Telleth Of Still Another House On The Sign [one Deer], Called Three Water. It Was In Part Good, In Part Adverse, In Part Only In Between.
Seventh Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Fourth Sign, Named One Flower. And The Man Born Upon It, They Said, And It Was Averred, Would Be Happy, Quite Able, And Much Given To Song And Joy: A Jester, An Entertainer. And It Was Said That The Women Were Great Embroiders. It Was Said That This Sign Was Indifferent; That Is To Say, A Little Bad And A Little Good.
Eighth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Fifth Sign, Named One Reed. And It Was Not A Good Day, [nor] Those With It. It Was Said That Those Born Then, If They Were Born In The Ninth House, Named Nine Crocodile—they Said And It Was Averred That One Would Be A Slanderer And Bearer Of False Witness. And It Was Thought That This Sign Was The Day Of Quetzalcoatl. Therefore The Lords And Noblemen Then Paid Their Devotions And Made Offerings.
Ninth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Sixth Sign, Called One Death, And Of The Good Fortune Belonging To It. It Was Said To Be The Day Sign Of Tezcatlipoca. And Many Were The Offerings And Blood Sacrifices With Which They Did Him Honor. And Each Person Provided Much Pleasure To The Slaves.
Tenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of Still Other Houses, Which Were Called In Part Good, And In Part Evil And Miserable.
Eleventh Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Seventh Sign, Named One Rain, And Of The Evil Day Signs Which Belonged With It. They Said That Those Then Born Were Sorcerers And Soothsayers And Demons.—and Tlacatecolotl Meaneth Demon. — Almost All The Houses Belonging To This [sign] Were Evil And Unfavorable. Only The Thirteenth Was Good. 1
Twelfth Chapter , Which Telleth Of Still Other Houses. Some Were Only Indifferent And Some Were In No Way Good.
Thirteenth Chapter. Here Is Told And Mentioned What Was An Evil Manifestation For Him Who Stumbled Or Fell At This Time; And The Evil Which Befell Those Born At This Time, In The Eighth House, Called Eight Death. Here Are Told All The Various Kinds Of Evil Which Belonged With [the Day Signs].
Fourteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Good Day Signs Which Correspond To The Four Houses In This Sign; And It Was Said That The Day Signs Of Those Then Born Were Good.
Fifteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Eighth Sign, Called One Grass, And The Evil Day Signs With It. But It Was Said That The Second House Was Good. And All The Others, Of Ninth Place, And All The Others Which Started With The Ninth—the Tenth, The Eleventh, The Twelfth, And The Thirteenth 1 —were Said All To Be Good. 2
Sixteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Ninth Sign, Called One Serpent. 1 It Was Considered A Good Day Sign, If Those Same Ones Then Born Did Not Harm It. And The Merchants Expected Much Of It, Because Of Their Way Of Livelihood.
The Seventeenth Chapter Telleth Of The Admonitions Of The Old Merchants When They Counseled Their Sons As They Were About To Depart And Gain Their Livelihoods In Distant Places, When For The First Time They Wished To Go And Set Forth.
Eighteenth Chapter. Here Are Told [what] The Talk And Discourse Were Of These Same Old Merchants Which They Repeated To Their Sons Who Already Knew Distant Lands.
Nineteenth Chapter. Here Are Told The Offerings Which They Made For The Sake Of Those Who Traveled To Far Places, And How Respect Was Paid For The Sake Of Those Who Died.
Twenty-first Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Tenth Sign, Called One Flint Knife. And It Was Said That It Was Of Good Fortune, And Claimed That Those Then Born Were Brave And Became Seasoned Warriors. And It Was Said That The Women Then Born Were Forceful; They Were Able In All Things And Made Their Goods Very Well. And It Was Said To Be The Day Sign Of Uitzilopochtli, To Whom It Was Dedicated. His Domain Was War. It Was Said Also To Be The Day Sign Of Camaxtli. And When This Sign Began, They Observed The Feast [of Uitzilopochtli]. And It Was Said That All The Day Signs Were Good — [all] Thirteen.
Twenty-second Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Eleventh Sign, Called One Monkey, And Of Its Fortune. It Was Said Of Those Then Born That One Was A Man Of Good Standing, Friendly, Amiable, And Happy, Given To Music And The Other Arts. And It Was Said That At This Time Descended To Earth Those Who Were The “goddesses”; And That Those Whom They Met On The Road Or In Paths Between Houses They Injured And Visited With Sickness. And For This Reason, When It Was This Day Sign, No One Could Fare Forth. And One Who Then Sickened The Physicians Forthwith Abandoned.
Twenty-third Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Twelfth Sign, Called One Lizard. It Was Said That Those Then Born Were As If Agile. Very Strong Were They Of Body And Spirit. The Fourth House, And The Fifth, And The Sixth, It Was Said, Were Unfavorable. And The Second And Eighth, It Was Stated, Came To Be Only Indifferent.
Twenty-fourth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Thirteen Sign, Named One Motion. And It Was Said [of] Those Then Born That, If They Performed Penances And If They Were Well Reared—it Was Said—good Would Befall Them. But If They Performed No Penances, It Was Said That Suffering Would Befall Them.
Twenty-fifth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Fourteenth Sign, Called One Dog. This, It Was Said, Was A Good Day Sign; And It Was Claimed That It Was The Day Of Xiuhtecutli, Whom They Called Tlalxictentica. 1 They Observed A Very Great Feast Day For Him. And At This Time The Rulers Were Elected. 2
Twenty-sixth Chapter , In Which It Is Told How These Rulers (upon The Day Sign Mentioned) Proclaimed War. And At That Time Were Sentenced Those Who Were To Die. 1
Twenty-seventh Chapter , In Which Is Mentioned The Fifteenth Sign, Named One House. And It Was Said To Be Evil. It Was Said That The Men Then Born Were Thieves, Patrons Of Vice And Sin. All Which Befell Them Was Bad. And It Was Said That The Women [then Born] Were Very Lazy And Much Given To Sleep, And Did Nothing Useful.
Twenty-eighth Chapter , Which Telleth Still More Of The Nature And Condition Of Women Born On This Sign.
Twenty-ninth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Sixteenth Sign. It Was Said To Be A Good Day Sign; And It Was Said That Those Then Born Became Aged. Nevertheless, It Was Not Certain That This Would So Come To Pass, Because Many Then Born Soon Died.
Thirtieth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Seventeenth Sign, Called One Water. It Was Said To Be An Evil Day Sign. And It Was Said Of Those Then Born That They Rejoiced A Little Only At The Beginning Of Their Lives, And That They Ended In Evil. And It Was Said Always To Be Evil When They Died. And It Was Said To Be The Day Sign Of Chalchiuitl Icue, Whose Feast Day The Water Folk Observed.
Thirty-first Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Eighteenth Sign, Named One Wind, And The Evil, The Bad, Which Was With It. It Was Said That Those Then Born Gained As Reward An Evil Day Sign.
Thirty-second Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Tears, The Lamentations, And The Misery Of Those Who Had Been Robbed, Whom Those Who Had Danced With The Dead Forearm Had Plundered; And Of The Rest Of The Houses Belonging To [one Wind].
Thirty-third Chapter , In Which Is Mentioned The Nineteenth Sign, Named One Eagle. It Was Said To Be An Evil Day Sign, And He Who Was Then Born Was Boastful, And Brave, Daring, Fearing Nothing And No One. And It Was Said That The Women Also Were Daring, Of Ill Fame, Of Evil Tongue, Shameless, And Immodest. And It Was Said That At This Time Descended The Lesser Goddesses; And They Did Evil To The Small Children. Hence They Did Not Let Them Go Out Of Doors, Nor Did They Bathe Them At That Time. 1
Thirty-fourth Chapter , In Which Are Told And Mentioned What They Did When They Visited Women Recently Delivered, And Other Things Which Were Done Where A Woman Recently Delivered Dwelt.
Thirty-fifth Chapter. Here Is Told What Was Done When They Bathed Their Children, And How Food Was Eaten When They Gave Them Their Names; And The Discourse Which The Old People Gave When They Addressed The Child And The Mother.
Thirty-sixth Chapter , Which Telleth How A Feast Was Held, And What The Order Of Service Was, And How There Was Drinking Of Wine.
Thirty-seventh Chapter , In Which Is Mentioned How The Festivity Was Performed; And How The Rulers And Merchants Of Old Provided Banquets, Even As To This Day They Have Been Doing.
Thirty-eighth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Twentieth And Closing Sign, Called One Rabbit. It Is Said That Those Then Born Were Ample Providers, Good Workers, And Rich.
Fortieth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Rest [of The Day Signs] Which Formed A Part Of The Day Count; Those Still Remaining, Belonging To The Day Sign [one Rabbit]. Also It Telleth Of The Chart And The Counters Of The Different Day Signs, And Of The Thirteen [numbers] Which Belonged To The Day Sign.
Appendix Of The Fourth Book, In The Spanish Vernacular, Which Is Justification In Defense Of The Truth Contained Herein.
Introduction And Explanation, Newly Made, Of The Calendar Of The Indians Of Anauac, That Is, Of New Spain.
First Chapter. Here Are Related The Omens In Which They Believed When, At Night, Someone Heard Tome Wild Animal Cry Out, Or When It Seemed As If Some Old Woman Wept; And Also What The Readers Of The Day Signs Said, They Who Were Called Wise Ones.
Second Chapter , In Which Is Related The Evil Omen Which They Regarded In Two Ways: So It Was When They Heard That The White Hooded Hawk 1 Cried, Out; And What The Merchants Did When Somewhere On The Road Such Befell Them; Perhaps It Cried Out At Them.
Third Chapter , In Which Is Told The Omen Taken As A Portent When At Night They Heard As If Someone Shot Iron Arrows Into Something Or As If He Chopped Wood; This They Called The Night Axe.
Sixth Chapter , In Which Is Told What The Omen Was, So That They Took It As A Portent, When Someone Saw A Weasel Which Crossed In Front Of Him.
Seventh Chapter , In Which Is Told The Omen So Taken As A Portent Concerning The Rabbit When They Saw That Now It Entered One's House.
Ninth Chapter , In Which Is Related The Omen Which They Regarded As A Portent When An Animal Of Strong Stench, Called A Skunk, 1 Now Entered One's Home Or Else Sprayed And Loosed An Odor.
Tenth Chapter , In Which Is Related The Omen, By Which A Portent Was Drawn, Of Ants Or Frogs, And Mice.
Eleventh Chapter , In Which Is Told The Omen From Which A Portent Was Drawn When, At Night, They Saw The Towering Men, The Giants. 1
Behold The Appendix Of The Fifth Book. Here Are Told The Different Things Which God's Creatures, The Idolaters, Wrongly Believed.
Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.