White, Leslie A., 1900-1975. The pueblo of Sia, New Mexico

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Pueblo Of Sia, New Mexico

Introduction

Glossary

History Of Sia

Setting And Background

The Name Tsí·ya

Habitat

Climate

Physical Type

Language And Literacy

Population

Sex Ratio

Marital Status

Dress

Smoking

Drinking

Drugs

Pets; Flowers

The Pueblo Itself

Houses

Plazas

Church

Hotcanitsa

Kivas

Ceremonial Houses

Secret Underground Chamber

Refuse Piles

Corrals

Water Supply

Stores

Pottery

Silversmithing

Buckskin

Weaving

Schools

Christianity At Sia

The Role Of The Catholic Priest At Sia

Are The Sia Christians?

The Sia Heresy

Heretics' Version

Orthodox Version

Protestantism At Jemez

Sia And Her Neighbors

Cultural Position Of Sia

Land, Agriculture, And Stock Raising

Land

Irrigation

Crops

Stockraising Vs. Farming

Livestock

Wool

Hides

Pelts

Ratio Of Sales To Production Of Field Crops And Livestock

Distribution Of Families According To Ownership Of Livestock

Sheep

Cattle

Horses

Hogs

Chickens

Turkeys

Average Income Per Family

Landholding

Customs Of Landholding

Health, Sanitation, And Diet

Health And Sanitation

Diet

Cosmology And Pueblo Life

Creation And Emergence

Social Organization

Officers

Tiamunyi

Tcraikatsi

War Chiefs

War Chiefs' Helpers

Governor

Fiscales

Sacristan

Kahεra

Drummers

Pole Carriers

Selection And Installation

Societies

Joining A Society

Flint Society

Giant Society

Fire Society

Initiation

Kapina Society

Snake Society

Conception Of Snakes

Treating Snake Bite

Initiation

Pueblo Snake Ceremonies

Koshairi And Kwiraina

Katsina-gomaiyawic

Caiyeik Society

Initiation

Opi, Or Warriors', Society

Bear Opi

Lion Opi

Groups

Hoaina

Sicti

Singers; Dancers

Kiva Groups: Dual Organization

Clans

Clan Adoption

Clan Exogamy

Kinship

Relationship Terms

Terms Of Consanguinity

Terms Of Affinity

Household Group And Family

Individual Life Cycle

Conception, Birth, Infancy, And Childhood

Conception By Magic

Pregnancy

Childbirth

Midwives

Parturition

Naming

Age And Childbearing

Names

Child Rearing

Psychological Traits Of Children

Marriage

Contracting Marriage

Exogamy

Sexual Promiscuity

Divorce

Widowhood And Remarriage

Marriage With Non-sias

Marrying Outside Of Sia

Death And Burial

Government And Social Life

The Pueblo Council

Influence Of Individuals

Progressives And Conservatives

“rich” And “poor”

Ceremonialism

Calendar

Ceremonies For The Sun: H'á·nyiko And H'ányikíkya

Kac□dimε: Summer Retreats For Rain

Katsina: Masked Impersonations

Katsina-gomaiyawic

Kwiraina Society

Fire Society

Giant Society

Snake Society

Kapina Society

Sicti Group

Initiation Into Katsina Lore

Buffalo Dance

Átsε'εdányi: An Opi Dance

Feast For The Dead

Owε

Notes On Other Dances And Ceremonies

Notes On A Navaho Dance At Sia, Sunday, January 16, 1955

Fiesta For The Saint

Feasts For Other Saints

Gallo, Or Rooster Pull

Christmas

Equestrian Impersonations: Bocaiyanyi And Santiago

Holy Week; Easter

Sickness And Treatment

Classes Of Illness

Matter Of Fact

Sterility

Wounds In Warfare

Lightning Shock

Snake Bite

Burns

Ants

Mental Maladies

Witchcraft

Kinds Of Curing Ceremonies

Aictyuwanyi

Wikacanyi And Tsinaodanyi

Societies And Curing

Cure By Adoption Or Pledge

White Man's Medicine

Communal Curing Ceremony

Hunting

Communal Rabbit Hunts

Deer Hunts

War

Paraphernalia 38

Iáriko: Corn-ear Fetish

Prayersticks (h'a·tcmïnyi)

Wícbi

Áctitco'mι

Gáotiyε

Drums

Bull Roarer

Sacred Places

Medicine Bowls

Altars

Wítcatsi

Dyátca'aícti

Katsina Ówak (baby)

Lightning Snake

Retrospect And Prospect

Population Increase

Transportation

Household Furniture

Electricity

Phonographs, Radios, Television

Farm Implements

Factors Of Culture Change

Christianity

Schooling

Marriage With Non-sias

Wage Labor

General Impact Of Euro-american Cuiture

Future Of Sia

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The pueblo of Sia, New Mexico

Published By: Original publisher Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.. 1962. xii, 358 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Leslie A. White

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zia Pueblo (NT38)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Dance (535); Visual arts (5311); Sodalities (575); Local officials (624); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Spirits and gods (776); Sacred objects and places (778);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Leslie White made several field trips to the New Mexican pueblo of Zia, an extended stay in 1928-1929, and return visits of not more than a month or two in 1934, 1938, 1946, 1952, 1954, 1955, and 1957. He relied heavily on informants and focused on secret societies. He discusses the societies' leadership, recruitment, ceremonies, dances, masks, costumes, and curing practices. The latter involved the use of sand painting, specially constructed altars, fetishes, and prayer bundles. He does touch a little on Zia cosmology and religious beliefs.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt38-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. [328]-335)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1928-1957

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1583-1957

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Zia, New Mexico, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Sia Indians

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