Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Buskirk, Winfred, 1908-
The Western Apache: living with the land before 1950
Published By: Original publisher
Norman [Okla.]: University of Oklahoma Press. 1986. xiv,
273 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Winfred Buskirk ; foreword by Morris E. Opler
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Western Apache (NT21)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Hunting and trapping (224);
Cereal agriculture (243);
Food preparation (252);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The focus of this book is the depiction of Western Apache
lifeways during the pre-reservation period (prior to the 1870s). The ethnographic data were
gathered from the memory accounts of informants and supplemented with information from the
published literature. Although most of the cultural information presented in this document
refers specifically to the Cibecue and White Mountain Apache groups, these data will be
found generally applicable to all of the Western Apache people. The basic descriptive
section of this study presents in detail the fundamental aspects of Western Apache
subsistence economy (agriculture, hunting, and gathering) and related material culture such
as the procurement, processing, storage and preparation of foods, as well as associated
rituals, beliefs, social implications, and attitudes concerning these phases of culture (p.
3). In addition to the above, Buskirk also describes culture changes that have taken place
among the Western Apache in the post-reservation period (ca. 1870s - 1950).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Revision of thesis (Ph.D.)--University of New Mexico,
1949 Includes bibliographical references (p. 249-256) and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1939, 1941, 1946-1948
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 2000
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
1800 - 1950
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Cibecue and White Mountain Apache, east
central Arizona, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Western Apache Indians