Kluckhohn, Clyde, 1905-1960. Navaho material culture

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

Chapter 1 Subsistence

Hunting

Ritual Hunting

1. Antelope Corral

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

2. Antelope And Deer Disguise

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

3. Pitfall

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

4. Eagle Pit

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Nonritual Hunting

5. Bird Snare

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

6. Blind

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

7. Rodent Snare

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

8. Deadfall

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

9. Reflector

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

10. Throwing Club

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

11. Rodent Stick

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

12. Rabbit Net

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Weapons

Untitled Section: ...

13. Sinew-backed Bow

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

14. Glue

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

15. Self Bow

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

16. Trussed Bow

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

17. Elkhorn Bow

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

18. Bowstring

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

19. Arrow

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

20. Arrow Wrench

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

21. Sandstone Shaft Smoother

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

22. Engraver

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

23. Quiver

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

24. Wrist Guard

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

25. Sling

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

26. Firearms

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

27. Powder Horn

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

28. Ammunition

Ramah

Hill (west)

Comparative

Gathering

Untitled Section: ...

29. Cactus Picker

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

30. Cactus Brush

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

31. Seed Beater

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

32. Pinyon Beater

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

33. Pinyon Screen

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

34. Gathering Bag

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

35. Carrying Basket

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

36. Salt

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Agriculture

Untitled Section: ...

37. Digging Stick

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

38. Hoe

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

39. Shovel

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

40. Rake

Ramah

Hill (east And West)

Comparative

41. Flail

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

42. Drying Platform And Frame

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

43. Dam

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

44. Ditch

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

45. Well

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Animal Husbandry

Untitled Section: ...

46. Water Trough

Ramah

Comparative

47. Corral

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

48. Snow Drag

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

49. Ram Apron

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

50. Sheep Shears

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

51. Kennel

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

52. Chicken And Turkey Pens

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

53. Eagle Cage

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

Horse Equipment

Untitled Section: ...

54. Bridle And Bit

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

55. Saddle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

56. Crupper

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

57. Quirt

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

58. Chaps

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

59. Pack Saddle

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

60. Skin Saddlebag

Ramah

Hill (east And West)

Comparative

61. Woven Saddlebag

Ramah

Comparative

62. Hobble

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

63. Hitching Post

Fishler (west)

64. Yucca Rope

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

65. Rawhide Rope

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

66. Buckskin Rope

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

67. Wool Rope

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

68. Horsehair Rope

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

69. Rope Twister

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

70. Rope Wrench

Hill (central)

71. Branding Iron

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Transportation And Burdens

Untitled Section: ...

72. Wagon

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

73. Tumpline

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

74. Carrying Pole

Ramah

Comparative

75. Litter

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

76. Buckskin “trunk”

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

77. Sled

Ramah

Comparative

78. Raft

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

79. Bridge

Hill (central)

Comparative

Food

Storage

80. Water Bag

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

81. Gourd Canteen

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

82. Pitched Basket Bottle

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

83. Sizer Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

84. Storage Cave

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

85. Storage Pit

Ramah

Hill (east, Central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

86. Storage Bag

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Preparation

87. Mortar

Ramah

Fishler (west)

Comparative

88. Metate

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

89. Mano

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

90. Grass Brush

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

91. Mush Stirring Sticks

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

92. Stirring Paddle

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Cooking

93. Griddle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

94. Skewer (spit)

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

95. Pot Supports

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

96. Roasting Pit

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

97. Earth Oven

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Utensils

98. Basket Dish

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

99. Stone Bowls

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

100. Wooden Utensils

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

101. Gourd Ladle Or Spoon

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

102. Horn Spoons

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

103. Pottery

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

104. Cornhusk Spoon

Hill (east)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

105. Liquid Swab And Sucking Stick

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

106. Toothpicks

Ramah

Chapter 2 Shelter

Housing

Untitled Section: ...

107. House Types

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

108. Woven Doorway Mats

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

109. Shade

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

110. Ladder

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

Fire Making

Untitled Section: ...

111. Firedrill

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

112. Strike-a-light

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

113. Slow Match And Torch

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

114. Wooden Poker

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

115. Firewood

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

Multipurpose Tools

Untitled Section: ...

116. Axe

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

117. Hammer

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

118. Knife

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

119. Knife Sheath

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

Miscellaneous Equipment

Untitled Section: ...

120. Broom

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

121. Fly Swatter

Hill (west)

Lamphere (east)

122. Clothes Hangers

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Bedding

Untitled Section: ...

123. Sleeping Mat

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

124. Rabbit Skin Blanket

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

125. Dressed Skin Blankets And Robes

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

126. Sheepskin Bedding

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

127. Woolen Blanket

Ramah

Comparative

Cradles

Untitled Section: ...

128. Split-back Cradle

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

129. Solid-back Cradle

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

130. Laced Rod Cradle

Hill (central)

Comparative

131. Cradle Canopy

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

132. Cradle Swing

Ramah

Comparative

Chapter 3 Clothing

Skin Dressing

Untitled Section: ...

133. Rawhide

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

134. Buckskin

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

135. Beaming Post

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

136. Bone Beaming Tool

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

137. Metal Beaming Tool

Ramah

Fishler (west)

Comparative

138. Stone Scraper

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

139. Rubbing Stone

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

140. Wringing Stick

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

Dyes

Untitled Section: ...

141. Red Dye

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

142. Yellow Dye

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

143. Black Dye

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

144. Blue Dye

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

145. White Dye

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

146. Green Dye

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

147. Dye Stirring Sticks

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Sewing Equipment

Untitled Section: ...

148. Sewing Bag

Ramah

Comparative

149. Bone Awl

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

150. Metal Awl

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

151. Yucca Thread

Ramah

Hill (west)

Comparative

152. Sinew Thread

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

153. Thongs

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

154. Buckskin Cord

Ramah

Comparative

155. Knots

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

156. Knitting Needles

Ramah

Comparative

Apparel

Women's Garments

157. Bast Apron

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

158. Skin Apron

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

159. Skin Skirt

Hill (west)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

160. Skin Shirt

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

161. Skin Dress

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

162. Woolen Dress, Type A

Ramah

Comparative

163. Rope Belt

Ramah

Comparative

164. Woolen Dress, Type B

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

165. Woolen Belt

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

166. Cotton Skirt

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

167. Cotton Blouse

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

168. Cotton Dress

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

169. Shawl

Ramah

Comparative

Men's Garments

170. Skin Shirt

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

171. Woven Shirt

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

172. Cotton Shirt

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

173. Breechclout

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

174. Buckskin Short Trousers

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

175. Cloth Trousers

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

176. Bark Leggings

Ramah

Hill (west)

Comparative

177. Buckskin Leggings

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

178. Knitted Leggings

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

179. Woven Garters

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

180. Buckskin Belt

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

Headwear

181. Hair Tie

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

182. Basketry Hat

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

183. Headband

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

184. Buckskin Cap

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

185. Wooden Awl

Ramah

Comparative

186. Mountain Lion Skin Cap

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

187. Wildcat Skin Cap

Ramah

Hill (east And West)

Comparative

Footwear

188. Sandals

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

189. Moccasins

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

190. Overshoes

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

191. Snowshoes

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

Miscellaneous

192. Fur Scarf

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

193. Skin Mittens

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

194. Knitted Mittens

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

195. Pouch For Personal Equipment

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

196. Canes

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

Ornamentation

Untitled Section: ...

197. Necklace

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

198. Earrings

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

199. Drill

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

200. Bracelet

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

201. Rings

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

202. Silver Buttons

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

203. Face And Body Paint

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

204. Tattooing

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

205. Tweezers

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Hygiene

Untitled Section: ...

206. Menstrual Pad

Ramah

Hill (west)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

207. Abdominal Binding

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

208. Yucca Soap

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

Chapter 4 Ritual

Ceremonies And Curing

Untitled Section: ...

209. Sweathouse

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

210. Sweathouse Rocks

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

211. Tongs (forks)

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

212. Stone Boiling

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

213. Splints

Hill (east And West)

Lamphere (east)

214. Bugaboo Owl

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

215. Lightning Mats

Ramah

Comparative

216. Wooden Box

Ramah

Hill (central)

217. Medicine Bag

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

218. Cased Bag

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

219. Baskets

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

220. Gourd Containers

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

221. Horn Containers

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

222. Shell Containers

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

223. Animal Fetishes

Ramah

Fishler (west)

Comparative

224. Cranebill

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

225. Medicine Stopper

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

226. Masks

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

227. Prayersticks

Ramah

Comparative

Musical Instruments

Untitled Section: ...

228. Gourd Rattle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

229. Rawhide Rattle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

230. Hoof Rattle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

231. Basket Drum

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

232. Rawhide Drum

Hill (east, Central, And West)

233. Pottery Drum

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

234. Loop Drumstick

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

235. Yucca Drumstick

Ramah

Hill (central)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

236. Drumming Stick

Ramah

Hill (east And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

237. Stomping Pole

Hill (east And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

238. Flute

Ramah

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

239. Whistle

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

240. Bullroarer

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

241. Musical Bow

Hill (east, Central, And West)

Comparative

242. Musical Rasp

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

Warfare

Untitled Section: ...

243. Lance

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

244. War Club

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Comparative

245. Shield

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

246. “armor”

Ramah

Hill (east And Central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

Chapter 5 Recreation

Games

Untitled Section: ...

247. Hoop And Pole

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

248. Shinny

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

249. Archery

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

250. Stick Race

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

251. Horse Race

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

252. Moccasin Game

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

253. Seven Cards

Ramah

Hill (central And West)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

254. Women's Stick Dice

Ramah

Hill (west)

Lamphere (east)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

255. Button Game

Fishler (west)

Toys

Untitled Section: ...

256. Figurines

Ramah

Hill (east And West)

Comparative

257. Tops

Ramah

Comparative

258. Willow Horses

Ramah

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

259. String Figures

Ramah

Hill (central)

Fishler (west)

Comparative

260. Swings

Hill (central And West)

Lamphere (east)

Comparative

261. Buzzer

Hill (central And West)

Comparative

Smoking

Untitled Section: ...

262. Pipes

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

263. Tobacco Pouch

Ramah

Hill (central)

Comparative

Chapter 6 Summary And Analysis

Materials

Animal Products

Birds

Wood And Plants

Stone And Minerals

Shells

Metals

Areal Variation

Manufacture And Use

Time

Place

Workmanship

Division Of Labor By Sex And Age

Distribution Of Traits By Area

Distribution Of Traits Through Time

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Navaho material culture

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 1971. xiv, 488 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Clyde Kluckhohn, W. W. Hill [and] Lucy Wales Kluckhohn

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Navajo (NT13)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Weapons (411); Work in skins (281); Hunting and trapping (224); General tools (412); Pastoral activities (233); Utensils (415); Mats and basketry (285); Food preparation (252); Dwellings (342); Paint and dye manufacture (386); Ethnobotany (824); Normal garb (291); Ornament (301); Personal grooming (302); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Musical instruments (534); Ethnogeography (823); Athletic sports (526); Spectacles (541); Games (524); Cultural participation (184); Identification (101);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is intended to be a more or less complete reference volume on Navajo material culture from several different regions, representing everything which elderly informants could remember (pp. v-vi). The text consists of very detailed descriptions of individual traits of material culture organized into chapters on subsistence, shelter, clothing, ritual, and recreation. Regional variation (Ramah, East, Central, and West areas) is discussed for each trait. It closes with a summary and analysis discussing such things as raw materials, distribution of traits, and changes over time.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 192

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt13-192

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 467-481)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1933-1958

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Marlene Martin ; 1985

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1846-1969

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southwestern United States, especially vincinity of Ramah, New Mexico, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Navajo Indians

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