Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming),
Mills, John E.
Cutter, Donald C.
The four ages of Tsurai: a documentary history of the Indian
village on Trinidad Bay
Published By: Original publisher
Berkeley: University of California Press. 1952. x, 207 p.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Robert F. Heizer and John E. Mills ; Translations of Spanish
documents by Donald C. Cutter
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
External trade (439);
Normal garb (291);
Recreational and non-therapeutic drugs (276);
External relations (648);
Personal grooming (302);
Heating and lighting equipment (354);
Transmission of skills (868);
General character of religion (771);
Price and value (435);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
Behavior toward non-relatives (609);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a collection of documents on the Yurok village of
Tsurai from the time of discovery to its abandonment. The four ages represented are: The
prehistoric period; the period of discovery and exploration, 1775-1800; the period of
exploitation, 1800-1849, represented by the activities of the fur traders; and the period
of decline and fall, 1850-1916, which commenced with the coming of gold miners. Materials
for the reconstruction of the prehistory come from archaeological discoveries made by the
University of California expedition in 1949. Documents on the second and third period are
extracts from the journals of Spanish and American seafarers. Reports on the last period
are written by observers on the scene during the hectic gold-rush days. In some cases, the
information collected here is repetitive and occasionally misleading. However, it does
present a picture of Yurok culture as it developed historically. Notes by the editors are
found on pp. 193-207. They should be consulted for the correction of doubtful observations
made by the various writers.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Robert Lee ; 1958
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Yurok Indians, USA
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings