Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979. The four ages of Tsurai: a documentary history of the Indian village on Trinidad Bay

Table of Contents

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I The Prehistory Of Tsurai

Ii Discovery And Exploration 1775–1800

Journal Of Don Juan Francisco De La Bodega Y Quadra, Captain Of The Schooner Sonora, At Trinidad Bay, June 9–19, 1775

Journal Of Don Bruno De Hezeta, Commander Of The Expedition And Captain Of The Santiago, At Trinidad Bay, June 9–19, 1775

Diary Of Fray Miguel De La Campa, Chaplain Of The Santiago, At Trinidad Bay, June 9–19, 1775

Journal Of Don Francisco Antonio Mourelle, Second Pilot Of The Sonora, At Trinidad Bay, June, 1775

Diary Of Don Juan Perez, Second In Command Of The Santiago, At Trinidad Bay, June, 1775

Act Of Possession Of The Spanish Crown At Trinidad Bay, June 11, 1775

Trinidad Bay From The Journal Of Archibald Menzies, Naturalist Of The Vancouver Expedition, May, 1793

Extract From The Journal Of Captain George Vancouver Concerning His Visit To Trinidad Bay, May, 1793

Extract Of The Account Of The Voyage Of The Spanish Brigantine Activo, Under The Command Of Lieutenant Don Francisco De Eliza, At Trinidad Bay, August, 1793

Iii Exploitation: The Fur Trade 1800–1849

Experiences Of William Shaler And The Crew Of The Lelia Byrd In Trinidad Bay, May 11–18, 1804

Visit Of Captain Jonathan Winship, Jr., Master Of The O'cain, To Trinidad Bay, June 11, 1806

Visit Of The Brig Columbia, Captain John Jennings, To Trinidad Bay, July 24, 1817, From The Journal Of The First Officer, Peter Corney

Iv Decline And Fall The American Invasion 1850–1916

Trinidad Bay In 1849, From L. K. Wood's Account Of The Josiah Gregg Expedition

H. D. La Motte's Account Of Trinidad Bay, March, 1850

The Trinidad Bay Indians Shortly After The Rediscovery Of The Bay By Sea And The Founding Of Trinidad City, From Ernest De Massey's Account, 1850

Remarks On Trinidad Indians By J. Goldsborough Bruff, January-february, 1851

Carl Meyer's Account Of The Indians Of Trinidad Bay In 1851

Baron Karl Von Loeffelholz' Account Of The Tsorei Indians Of Trinidad Bay, 1850–1856

Tsurai Village, 1851–1916

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The four ages of Tsurai: a documentary history of the Indian village on Trinidad Bay

Published By: Original publisher Berkeley: University of California Press. 1952. x, 207 p., 10 plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Robert F. Heizer and John E. Mills ; Translations of Spanish documents by Donald C. Cutter

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Yurok (NS31)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Diet (262); Prehistory (172); Dwellings (342); External trade (439); Normal garb (291); Recreational and non-therapeutic drugs (276); External relations (648); Ornament (301); Personal grooming (302); Heating and lighting equipment (354); Transmission of skills (868); General character of religion (771); Price and value (435); Burial practices and funerals (764); Behavior toward non-relatives (609);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a collection of documents on the Yurok village of Tsurai from the time of discovery to its abandonment. The four ages represented are: The prehistoric period; the period of discovery and exploration, 1775-1800; the period of exploitation, 1800-1849, represented by the activities of the fur traders; and the period of decline and fall, 1850-1916, which commenced with the coming of gold miners. Materials for the reconstruction of the prehistory come from archaeological discoveries made by the University of California expedition in 1949. Documents on the second and third period are extracts from the journals of Spanish and American seafarers. Reports on the last period are written by observers on the scene during the hectic gold-rush days. In some cases, the information collected here is repetitive and occasionally misleading. However, it does present a picture of Yurok culture as it developed historically. Notes by the editors are found on pp. 193-207. They should be consulted for the correction of doubtful observations made by the various writers.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ns31-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Robert Lee ; 1958

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1770-1952

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Yurok Indians, USA

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Yurok Indians


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