Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Ruby, Robert H.
Brown, John Arthur
The Chinook Indians: traders of the Lower Columbia
Published By: Original publisher
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1976. xvi, 349 p.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Robert H. Ruby and John A. Brown
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Chinookans of the Lower Columbia River (NR06)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Body alterations (304);
External trade (439);
Retail marketing (443);
Community heads (622);
External relations (648);
Public welfare (657);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a detailed culture history of the lower Chinookan
peoples, particularly of the Chinooks proper and the closely related Clatsops, living near
the mouth of the Columbia River in the states of Washington and Oregon. Although the
general range of coverage in this work runs from the fifth century A.D. to the mid
twentieth century, most of the data in this document is time specific to the eighteenth and
nineteenth centuries. The major ethnographic emphasis in this study is on
European/American-Chinookan trade relations, especially in regard to the fur trade and the
long term effects it had on Indian society. Interspersed throughout the text are brief
commentaries on such topics as political organization, sickness, slavery, settlements,
hunting and fishing activities, burial customs, etc.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 309-336)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 2002
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Lower Chinook region, southern Washington and
northern Oregon, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings