Howard, James H. (James Henri), 1925-1982. Oklahoma Seminoles: medicines, magic, and religion

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

1 A Synopsis Of Seminole History

2 Seminole Herbal Remedies


Unnamed Compound Medicine

Hot Weather Medicine

A Compound For High Blood Pressure

A Compound For Whooping Cough

3 Non-herbal Remedies

Animal, Bird, And Insect Derived Remedies



The Little Bow And Arrow Treatment

Miscellaneous Remedies

4 Magic And Witchcraft

Everyday Magic

Love Magic

Weather-controlling Magic

The Sapiya

Medicine From The Giant Horned Snake

Magical Dolls


5 Ceremonialism: General Considerations

Architectural Layout Of The Square Ground

Musical Instruments

Ceremonial Cycle

6 Ceremonialism: The Green Corn Ceremony


7 Ceremonialism: The Nighttime Dances

Other Dances

Bean Dance (tvlako Opvnka)

Buzzard Dance (suli Opvnka)

Cow Dance (wak Opvnka)

Doublehead Dance (ka-hokkoli Opvnka)

Duck Dance (fuco Opvnka)

Four Corner Dance (kvnawa Opvnka)

Fox Dance (culv Opvnka)

Friendship Or Love Dance (a·nok□cka)

Garfish Dance (isapa Opvnka)

Guinea Dance (kow□k Opvnka)

Horse Dance (cołakko Opvnka)

Long Dance (opvnka Capko)

Morning Dance (hvthiyvtki Opvnka) Or Drunken Dance (hajo Opvnka)

Mother Dance (opvnka Itcki)

Old People's Dance (atcolvlki Opvnka)

8 Sports And Games

The Single Pole Ball Game

The Match Or Inter-town Stickball Game

The Preliminaries Accompanying A Match Game Described By Willie Lena

Men's Ball Game, Cedar River Tulsa Ground August 31-september 1, 1980

Practicing With Owls And Snakes

Making Ballsticks And Balls

Archery And Archery Games

The Cow Bone Game

9 Supernaturals

The Little People

Tall Man

Long Ears

Nokos Oma

Fire Dogs

Wak Oma


Chief Deer

Human Snakes

Seminole Folktale, Collected By Eva Howard

10 The Seminole World

Growing Up A Seminole

How The Animals And Birds Acquired Their Distinctive Markings

Rabbit And Wildcat Hunt Turkeys


A Strange Occurrence


Gathering And Agriculture

Pottery Making

Sign Language

Picture Writing

“broken Days”

Miscellaneous Beliefs And Customs

A Seminole Philosophy

11 Mortuary Practices

12 Epilogue

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Oklahoma Seminoles: medicines, magic, and religion

Published By: Original publisher Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1984. xxii, 279 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By James H. Howard in collaboration with Willie Lena

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Seminole (NN16)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Flora (137); Medical therapy (757); Ethnobotany (824); Organized ceremonial (796); Sorcery (754); Representative art (532); Musical instruments (534); Athletic sports (526); Sacred objects and places (778); Dance (535);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source presents an overview of selected aspects of Oklahoma Seminole culture based primarily on information obtained from the author's chief informant and collaborator, Willie Lena. Lena is described as a 'traditional' Oklahoma Seminole and is also responsible for most of the numerous illustrations of Oklahoma Seminole life presented in the source. The author's objective in basing his description of Oklahoma Seminole culture on information provided by Lena and other Oklahoma Seminole informants is to present that culture 'as it is seen and interpreted by its more traditional members'. The topics covered in the source include herbal and non-herbal remedies, witchcraft and magic, ceremonialism, dancing, athletic sports and games, supernaturals, hunting, childhood, and funeral practices. An introductory chapter also presents a summary of Florida and Oklahoma Seminole history.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn16-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 261-266) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1975-1981

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist, Indigene-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid ; 1989

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). mid nineteenth century - 1982

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Oklahoma, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Seminole Indians


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