Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958. U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology: Forty-second annual report

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology: Forty-second annual report

Published By: Original publisher Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.. 1928. 23-472 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by John R. Swanton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Creek (NN11)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); Literary texts (539); Clans (614); Public structures (344); Community structure (621); Offenses and sanctions (680); Marriage (580); Burial practices and funerals (764); Warfare (726);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is the first part of a comprehensive ethnography of the Indians of the Creek confederacy. The second part, that deals with religion and medicine will be found in document 2:Swanton. Swanton has worked with historical materials as well as directly with Creek remnants in Oklahoma. Large sections of the document are quotations from earlier writers who had direct contact with functioning traditional Creek culture. Most of the work is concerned with descriptions of Muskogee, Alabama, and Hitchiti-speaking groups. However, frequent reference is made to Chickasaw, Choctaw, Natchez, Cherokee, and other southeastern tribes. Swanton includes sections on Creek traditional history, Creek towns and town organization, law and government, kinship, and general customs. Diagrams of town squares and seating arrangements therein are furnished in all possible cases. Swanton has organized in tabular form lists of Creek towns and their associations with each other, as well as Creek clans and clan-linkages.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn11-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 471-472)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1911-1912

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. W. W. Stein; 1956; John Beierle; 2008

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1700-1912

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southeastern United States and Oklahoma

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Creek Indians

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