Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958
U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology: Forty-second annual
Published By: Original publisher
Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.. 1928. 23-472 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by John R. Swanton
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Traditional history (173);
Literary texts (539);
Public structures (344);
Community structure (621);
Offenses and sanctions (680);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This document is the first part of a comprehensive
ethnography of the Indians of the Creek confederacy. The second part, that deals with
religion and medicine will be found in document 2:Swanton. Swanton has worked with
historical materials as well as directly with Creek remnants in Oklahoma. Large sections of
the document are quotations from earlier writers who had direct contact with functioning
traditional Creek culture. Most of the work is concerned with descriptions of Muskogee,
Alabama, and Hitchiti-speaking groups. However, frequent reference is made to Chickasaw,
Choctaw, Natchez, Cherokee, and other southeastern tribes. Swanton includes sections on
Creek traditional history, Creek towns and town organization, law and government, kinship,
and general customs. Diagrams of town squares and seating arrangements therein are
furnished in all possible cases. Swanton has organized in tabular form lists of Creek towns
and their associations with each other, as well as Creek clans and
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 471-472)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
W. W. Stein; 1956; John Beierle; 2008
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
southeastern United States and
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings