Mason, Leonard. The Swampy Cree: a study in acculturation

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Swampy Cree: a study in acculturation

Published By: Original publisher Ottawa: Queen's Printer. 1967. 75 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Leonard Mason

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Western Woods Cree (NG08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF HISTORY (175); ACCULTURATION AND CULTURE CONTACT (177); SOCIOCULTURAL TRENDS (178); FOOD QUEST (220); TILLAGE (241); DWELLINGS (342); EXTERNAL TRADE (439); TRAVEL (484); PUBLIC WELFARE (657); SHAMANS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS (756); REVELATION AND DIVINATION (787);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document attempts to show the effect of acculturation upon a few institutions of the Cree where history has provided sufficient data with which to follow their story. In general, Cree acculturation has been characterized by an ebb and flow of white contacts, peaks of frenzied activity in the fur trade, and ecological limitation on attainment of new living standards in the twentieth century. Mission and government created some problems for the Cree in introduced innovations. The same agencies also became the primary basis of support for Cree Indians when the profitable fur trade declined. Although important areas of local culture were abandoned in the process, many traditional values remained viable, as manifested in religious belief, in the attitudes about community authority, and in an identification with the life of the land, i.e., animals, fish, and plants, which even in 1940 [during the author's fieldwork] , were utilized to a great extent for food and medicine as in the 'Golden Age' of their aboriginal ancestors (p. xi).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ng08-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English and French

Note: Cover title|Summary in French and English Includes bibliographical references (p.71-75)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938, 1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2006

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1611-1940

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Oxford House Band, Swampy Cree, Manitoba, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Cree Indians--Social life and customs/Acculturation

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