Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The Swampy Cree: a study in acculturation
Published By: Original publisher
Ottawa: Queen's Printer. 1967. 75 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Leonard Mason
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Western Woods Cree (NG08)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
ACCULTURATION AND CULTURE CONTACT (177);
SOCIOCULTURAL TRENDS (178);
FOOD QUEST (220);
EXTERNAL TRADE (439);
PUBLIC WELFARE (657);
SHAMANS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS (756);
REVELATION AND DIVINATION (787);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This document attempts to show the effect of acculturation
upon a few institutions of the Cree where history has provided sufficient data with which
to follow their story. In general, Cree acculturation has been characterized by an ebb and
flow of white contacts, peaks of frenzied activity in the fur trade, and ecological
limitation on attainment of new living standards in the twentieth century. Mission and
government created some problems for the Cree in introduced innovations. The same agencies
also became the primary basis of support for Cree Indians when the profitable fur trade
declined. Although important areas of local culture were abandoned in the process, many
traditional values remained viable, as manifested in religious belief, in the attitudes
about community authority, and in an identification with the life of the land, i.e.,
animals, fish, and plants, which even in 1940 [during the author's fieldwork] , were
utilized to a great extent for food and medicine as in the 'Golden Age' of their aboriginal
ancestors (p. xi).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
English and French
Cover title|Summary in French and English Includes
bibliographical references (p.71-75)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 2006
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Oxford House Band, Swampy Cree, Manitoba,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Cree Indians--Social life and customs/Acculturation