Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974. Ojibwa world view and disease

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ojibwa world view and disease

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Contributions to anthropology : selected papers of A. Irving Hallowell

Published By: Original publisher Contributions to anthropology : selected papers of A. Irving Hallowell Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1976. 391-448 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [A. Irving Hallowell]

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Ojibwa (NG06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Gift giving (431); Ethics (577); Theory of disease (753); Magical and mental therapy (755); Spirits and gods (776); Avoidance and taboo (784); Ethnometeorology (821); Ethnopsychology (828);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this article Hallowell discusses the relationship among Ojibwa cognition, etiology, and values. He criticizes the natural/supernatural dichotomy when applied to the Ojibwa world view. The Ojibwa, he argues, do not see the world so divided, but regard 'supernatural beings,' such as the Grandfathers or wind spirits, as having a real in-this-world ontological status and he refers to these spirits as 'other-than-human-persons.' Persons have a reciprocal relationship with these 'other-than-human-persons,' in which curing and protective power is exchanged for maintaining certain personal taboos. Hallowell argues that these personal taboos have a general disciplining effect, which guides Ojibwa social life. Disease is considered the consequence of transgressing Ojibwa 'equalitarian' values. In this regard, Hallowell sees Ojibwa understanding of disease causality as a social sanction that reinforces their moral codes and behavior.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 77

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ng06-077

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 445-448)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1930-1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ;1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1930-1940

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Berens River, Manitoba, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ojibwa Indians

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