Trigger, Bruce G.. The children of Aataentsic: a history of the Huron people to 1660

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1: Introduction


Historians And Canadian Indians

Ethnohistory And The Role Of Anthropology

A Statement Of Methods And Assumptions

Chapter 2: The Huron And Their Neighbours

The Huron Land And Economy 1



Population And Settlement Patterns

Division Of Labour

Women's Work

Men's Work

The Bonds Of Friendship



Courtship And Marriage

Adult Ambitions






Witchcraft And Treason


Prisoner Sacrifice

The Individual And Society


Creation Myth



Curing Societies




The Feast Of The Dead

The Iroquoian Cultural Pattern

Neighbouring Tribes

Cultural Similarities

Chapter 3: The Birth Of The Huron

Ontario Prehistory

Before Agriculture

The Early Iroquoian Period

The Middle Iroquoian Period

The Late Iroquoian Period

The Huron Confederacy

The Historic Location Of The Huron

Prehistoric Trade

Chapter 4: Alien Shadows

Cartier And Roberval On The St. Lawrence

Cartier's First Voyage

Second Voyage

Cartier And Roberval

Trade On The St. Lawrence 1543–1600

The Disappearance Of The St. Lawrence Iroquoians


The Birth Of The French-algonkian Alliance

The Huron And The Early French Fur Trade

Chapter 5: Forging An Alliance

The Huron On The St. Lawrence

The First Encounter

The Battle Of Lake Champlain

The Battle Of The Richelieu

Savignon And Brûlé

Trade And Talk In 1611

The New Monopoly

The Vignau Affair

Champlain's New Company

Sealing The Alliance

Trade And Politics In The Huron Country

Conflict On The Ottawa River

Le Caron And Champlain Journey To The Huron Country

Brûlé's Visit To The Susquehannock

The Expedition Against The Iroquois

The Battle

A Winter Among The Indians

Discord At Cahiagué

Atironta Visits Quebec


Chapter 6: The Quiet Years


Trade With The French


Trade On The St. Lawrence

Intertribal Politics In The Ottawa Valley

Peace With The Mohawk

Sources Of Huron Furs

French Imports

The French In The Huron Country


Recollet Policy

Le Caron's Mission To The Huron

Father Viel's “murder.”

Daillon's Neutral Fiasco

The Jesuits Return To New France

Huron Life

Technological Change

Social Change

Cultural Florescence

The Huron View Of The French


Chapter One

Chapter Two

Chapter Three

Chapter Four

Chapter Five

Chapter Six

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Chapter 7: The Interregnum And The New Alliance

New France In Eclipse

The Huron And The English

The Return Of The Mohawk

Quebec: A Jesuit Mission Colony

Brûlé's Murder

The New Alliance

The Defeat Of The Algonkin

Chapter 8: The Deadly Harvest

The New Beginning

The Epidemic Of 1634

Jesuit Policy Among The Huron

First Fruits

A Public Witness

The Summer Program

Being Useful

Religion And Politics

The Jesuits As Schoolmasters

The Black Years

The Epidemics Of 1636 And 1637

The Search For A Cause

The Move To Ossossané

Huron Hostility Becomes General

The Jesuits' Protection

Becoming French

Chihwatenha's Conversion

A Defeat On The St. Lawrence

The Jesuit School Closes


Avenging Taratouan

The Jesuits Become Respectable

The Missions Expand

Modus Vivendi

Baptizing The Iroquois

The New Order

Jérôme Lalemant



A New Mission System

The Great Illness


Renewed Fears

Lives In The Balance

Sullen Aftermath


Chapter 9: The Storm

The Huron And The French

Growing Dependence On Trade

Taking Over Algonkian Trade Routes

Huron Trade In Central Quebec

Huron Visitors To The St. Lawrence

Trade And Warfare

The Iroquois's Need For Furs

The Beaver Supply

Strategies For Obtaining Furs

Territorial Expansion

Fur Pirates

Gun Power

War On The St. Lawrence

New Strategies

A Turning Point

The Peace Of 1645

War Resumes

War In The Huron Country

New Goals

A New Style Of Warfare

Chapter 10: The Storm Within

The Jesuit Mission



Controversies About Sainte-marie

The Jesuit Economy And Mission Program

Brébeuf And The Neutral

The Huron Church

The Jesuits Adopt A Hard Line


The Social Impact Of Christianity

The Development Of A Christian Faction

The Traditionalist Reaction

Nativist Movements


Chapter 11: The End Of The Confederacy

The Growing Power Of The Iroquois

New Cooperation Among The Iroquois

Negotiations With The Onondaga

The Growing Power Of The Jesuits

The End Of The Truce

The Defeat Of The Traditionalists

The Destruction Of The Huron Confederacy

The End Of The Attigneenongnahac

The Trade Of 1648

New Trouble On The St. Lawrence

A Possible Reprieve For The Traditionalists

Christian Supremacy In Ossossané

St. Ignace And St. Louis

The Winter At Gahoendoe

The Diaspora

The Move To Gahoendoe

Trade In 1649

The Dispersal Of The Tionnontaté

The Hungry Winter

The Move To Quebec

Springtime At Gahoendoe

Leaving Gahoendoe

Chapter 12: Betrayal And Salvation

Temporary Havens

The Dispersal Of The Neutral

The Erie War

The Huron On The St. Lawrence: 1647–1650

The Huron Refugees At Quebec

The Settlement On The Ile D'orleans

Iroquois Harassment Continues

The Rape Of The Quebec Huron

The Long Sault And Later

The Huron Of The Upper Great Lakes

The Huron Among Their Enemies

The Huron In Captivity

The Huron Refugees And The French

The Huron As Iroquois

Chapter 13: Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The children of Aataentsic: a history of the Huron people to 1660

Published By: Original publisher Montreal and London: McGill-Queen's University Press. 1976. xxiii, x, 913 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Bruce G. Trigger

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Huron/Wendat (NG05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105); Acculturation and culture contact (177); External trade (439); External relations (648); Missions (797);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The objective of this thorough, two-volume study of contact period Huron culture and history is to elucidate indigenous perspectives and rationales for political behavior and actions that were largely misunderstood in early European accounts. Trade networks and relations are central to the author’s approach. A prehistory of the region and archaeological evidence of settlements are provided.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ng05-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. [857]-884) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not applicable

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2015

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1610-1650

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southeastern Ontario and southern Quebec, Canada; northeastern United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Wyandot Indians--History


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