McClintock, Walter, 1870-1949. The old north trail: or, Life, legends and religion of the Blackfeet Indians

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Old North Trail Introduction

Chapter I My Introduction To The Blackfeet

Chapter Ii My Adoption By Mad Wolf

Chapter Iii Hunting In The Rocky Mountains

The Medicine Grizzly Of Cutbank Canyon.

Chapter Iv A Rocky Mountain Blizzard

The Home Of The Wind Maker.

Origin And Destruction Of The Grizzly Bear Clan.

Chapter V Mad Wolf Gives The Beaver Medicine Ceremonial

Ceremonial Of The Beaver Medicine.

Chapter Vi Legend Of The Beaver Medicine

The Origin Of The Beaver Medicine

Chapter Vii My Rocky Mountain Goat Hunt

Chapter Viii Winter On The Plains

The Legend Of The Snow Tipi.

Chapter Ix Ghost Stories

Crow Eagle And The Ghost.

Chapter X Reminiscences Of Father De Smet

Legend Of The Yellow Buffalo Tipi.

Chapter Xi Sun Worship

Chapter Xii Beginning Of The Sun-dance

Chapter Xiii Marriage Customs

Chapter Xiv Forming The Sun-dance Camp

Chapter Xv Painted Tipis

Chapter Xvi The Sun-dance Camp

Chapter Xvii Evening Scenes In The Camp

Chapter Xviii An Initiation Into The Medicine Pipe Society

Chapter Xix Ceremonial Transferring The Medicine Pipe

Chapter Xx Dance Of The Kisapa Society

Chapter Xxi Ceremonial Of The Sun-dance

Chapter Xxii Raising The Centre Pole

Chapter Xxiii Inside The Sun-lodge.

Chapter Xxiv Along The Old North Trail

Chapter Xxv Spotted Eagle’s Mythical Stories Of Old Man

Old Man Plays With The Ground Squirrels And Punishes The Lynx And The Birch Tree .

Old Man Takes Part In An Elk Dance.

Old Man Joins In The Mouse Dance And Gets Into Trouble.

Old Man Travels With A Fox And Punishes A Rock.

Old Man’s Adventures With The Coyotes.

Old Man Flies With The Cranes.

Old Man Tricked By A Small Bird.

Old Man Dives After Berries Reflected In The Water .

Old Man Starts The Custom Of Taking Scalps .

Old Man Induces Men And Women To Mate .

Old Man Steals The Magical Fire-leggings.

Chapter Xxvi Onesta And The Bear Spear

The Origin Of The Bear Spear

Chapter Xxvii Camp Of The Bloods

Tragedy Of Opiowan, “the Mad Indian.”

Chapter Xxviii Camp Of Brings-down-the-sun

Chapter Xxix Proper Names

Chapter Xxx Onesta Gives The Crow Beaver Ceremonial

Chapter Xxxi The Rival Leaders

Chapter Xxxii Events In The Life Of Brings-down-the-sun

Chapter Xxxiii The Old North Trail

Chapter Xxxiv Blackfeet Societies

Sinopaix (society Of Kit-foxes).

Dance Of The Sinopaix.

Tsin-ksi-six (society Of Mosquitoes)

Kuko (society Of Doves).

Muto Ka-iks (buffalo Society).

Knut-some-taix (society Of Mad Dogs).

Chapter Xxxv The Mutsaix (society Of Brave Dogs)

Chapter Xxxvi Legends Of The Friendly Medicine Grizzly And The Friendly Medicine Wolf

Legend Of The Friendly Medicine Grizzly

Legend Of The Friendly Medicine Wolf.

Chapter Xxxvii Brings-down-the-sun Talks About Birds And The Stars

Calendar Of Moons.

Foretelling Events By Signs In The Sky

“the Seven Brothers (great Bear).

Legend Of The Lost Children. (pleiades.)

Chapter Xxxviii Legend Of Poïa, The Christ Story Of The Blackfeet

Legend Of Star Boy (later, Poïa, Scarface)

Chapter Xxxix The Present And Future Of The Blackfeet

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The old north trail: or, Life, legends and religion of the Blackfeet Indians

Published By: Original publisher Linclon: University of Nebraska Press. [1968]. xvi, 539 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Walter McClintock

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Blackfoot (NF06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Spirits and gods (776); Eschatology (775); Sodalities (575); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Sacred objects and places (778); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Organized ceremonial (796); Literary texts (539); Ethnometeorology (821); Magic (789); Structures (340); Norms (183); Culture summary (105); Observation in research (123); Mythology (773); Animism (774); Property (420);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This travelers account, written by Walter McClintock, a member of the U.S. Forest Service, presents a first-hand descriptive report on the Blackfoot Indians. The data were collected during the first four years (1896-1900) that McClintock lived and traveled among the North and South Peigan, Blood and Northern Blackfoot divisions of the Blackfoot Tribe. Through directed and informal interviews and participant observation, information was gathered on Blackfoot inter-divisional contacts (including the formation of large camps for ceremonials), history, subsistence activities and religion (including a number of the medicine ceremonials), as well as life-histories of several prominent chiefs and medicine men and numerous texts of legends, songs, prayers, myths and stories. McClintock became the adopted son of Mad Wolf, a prominent chief; this position facilitated participation by the author in tribal and inter-tribal activities. The concluding chapter, written after observing the Blackfoot 14 years after the author's first visit, discusses the rapidity and extent of culture change resulting from, in part, White contact and the U.S. government's policy. The appendices include Blackfoot music, explanation of terms used by the author and terminology for and uses of various plants.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nf06-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'A Bison Book'|Reprint of the 1910 ed.|Includes unacc. melodies Includes index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1896-1910

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Traveler-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah T. Bridges ; 1974

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) northwestern Montana, United States; southern Alberta, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Siksika Indians


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