Colson, Elizabeth, 1917-. The Makah Indians: a study of an Indian tribe in modern American society

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

A Study Of Assimilation

The Makah And Their History

The Makah In 1860

Contacts With The Whites

The Indian Agency

Indian Service Policies

Chapter Ii The Land Of The Makah

The Reservation


The Climate

Economic Resources Of The Reservation


Temporary Camps

Permanent Settlements

The Village And The Harbour

Features Of The Village

Beyond The Reservation

The Land Of The Makah

Chapter Iii The Makah Tribe

The ‘visibility’ Of The Makah


Spatial Segregation



Physical Type

Definition Of Makah

An Inherited Status


Makah Solidarity

Isolation Of A Portion Of The Tribe

Feeling Of Group Unity

The Origin Of The Tribe

The Old Villages

Development Of The Tribe

Neah Bay Emerges

Factors Creating Makah Exclusiveness

‘aliens’ In The Makah Community

Aliens Attached To Makah Households

Unattached Aliens

Transient Aliens

Integration With The Makah


Chapter Iv The Makah And The Whites

The Whites Of Neah Bay

The Transient Whites

Permanent White Residents


The Society Of Neah Bay

Economic Relationships

Informal Social Contacts

Formal Social Contacts

The Appearance Of Segregation


Liaisons Between Makah And Whites

Deference Patterns

Chapter V Makah Versus Whites

Antagonism To The Whites

The Spoilers

Cultural Losses

The Whites As Snobs

The Failure To Indentify With The Whites

The Reservation As A Focus For Segregation

Political And Economic Implications Of The Reservation

The Whites Resent The Reservation

Differential Treatment Of The Two Groups On The Reservation


Chapter Vi The Makah And The Outer World

Influences Entering Neah Bay

Tradition Of Isolation

Channels Of Communication

Material Contributions From The Outer World


They Seek New Experiences

Background Of Emigration

Geographical Mobility

Permanent Emigration

How They Fit Into The World Outside

Types Of Jobs Available

Living Quarters

Social Life

How The Writes Regard Them


Chapter Vii The Makah And Their Traditions


The Latent Culture

Participant Knowledge

Channels Through Which The Tradition Is Transmitted

The Latent Culture In Relation To Makah Life

The Manifest Traditional Culture

How They View Each Other

The Obligations Of Kinship

Rivalry For Prestige


Chapter Viii The Makah And The Supernatural

Organized Religious Life

The Presbyterian Church

The Apostolic Church

The Shaker Church



Religious Concepts: Power

The Prevalence Of The Power Concept

The Nature Of Power

Manifestations Of Power

Recent Experiences With Power

The Use Of Medicine

The Power Of God


Religious Concepts: The World Of The Dead

The Life Of The Dead

Contacts With The Living

The Evidence Of Dreams

Ritual To Prevent The Return Of The Dead


Chapter Ix Conclusion

The Success Of The Programme

Economic Stability

Size Of Group As A Factor In Assimilation

The Failures Of The Programme

Traditional Culture

Behaviour Oriented To The System

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Makah Indians: a study of an Indian tribe in modern American society

Published By: Original publisher Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1953. xvi, 308 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Elizabeth Colson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nuu-chah-nulth (NE11)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Public welfare (657); Tribe and nation (619); Ethnic stratification (563); Cultural identity and pride (186); Kin relationships (602); Sociocultural trends (178); Status, role, and prestige (554); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Sacred objects and places (778); Congregations (794); General character of religion (771);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The original of this work was a doctoral dissertation at Radcliffe College in 1944. It was revised for publication at the suggestion of Max Gluckman, a British social anthropologist. It is a study of the assimilation of the Makah into modern American society with an analysis of the traditional culture kept by the Makah and the changes which occurred in it during the reservation period. The author examines the land of the Makah, the tribe, the relations of the Makah with the Whites, the world-view of the Makah, their traditions and their relationship to the supernatural. Colson was Professor of Anthropology at Brandeis University.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ne11-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 299-303) Information on the organization and policy of the Indian Agency or Service has been marked for category 657.

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1941-1942

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Social Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Timothy J. O'Leary ; 1960: John Beierle; 2010

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1780-1942

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Makah Indian Reservation, Neah Bay, Washington State, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Nootka Indians//Makah Indians//Nuu-chah-nulth Indians


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