Osgood, Cornelius, 1905-1985. Ingalik social culture

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

Part One: Introduction

The Ingalik

The Method

The Conceptual System

Acquiring The Data

Presenting The Data

The Cultural Setting

Part Two: The Data

Village Activities

Life In The Kashim



The Working Day.

The “loved-fire.”.

The Sweat Bath.

The Evening Meal.

After Dinner.

Group Hunting And Fishing

The Caribou Surround.

Lamprey Fishing.

The Bear Hunt.

Spring Camps.

Making Fish Weirs.

Catching Beaver In Nets.

Sports And Games

Spring Recreation.

Summer Recreation.

Winter Recreation.


Shamanistic Practices And Other Coercive Interventions


Blood Revenge.

The Shaman.

Trade And Warfare



The Lesser Ceremonies And “putting Down” For Prestige Or Privilege

The Feast Of The Eclipse.

Feast Of The First Salmon.

The Wolverine Feast.

The Wolf Ceremony.

The Eskimo Bear Ceremony.

“putting Down” For First Game.

“putting Down” For A Second Name.

“putting Down” For Labrets.

“putting Down” For A Girl's Puberty.

“putting Down” For A Girl's Marriage.

“putting Down” For The Privilege Of Dancing.

“putting Down” For First Use, Preparation, Or Manufacture.

“putting Down” Of “ice Cream.”

The Great Ceremonies: The Partner's Potlatch


Preliminary Activities.

Inviting The Guests.

The Arrival Of The Guests.

The Potlatch Ceremony.

The Second Night.

The Great Ceremonies: The Mask Dance


Preliminary Activities.

Inviting The Guests.

The Reception Of The Guests.

The Dance.

The Last Night.

The Great Ceremonies: The Animal's Ceremony



Principal Performers.


First Night: 1st Preliminary.

Second Night: 2nd Preliminary.

Third Night: 1st For 1st Corner.

Fourth Night: 2nd For 1st Corner.

Fifth Night: 1st For 2nd Corner.

Sixth Night: 2nd For 2nd Corner.

Seventh Night: 1st For 3rd Corner.

Eighth Night: 2nd For 3rd Corner.

Ninth Night: 1st For 4th Corner.

Tenth Night: 2nd For 4th Corner.

Eleventh Night: 1st For Door.

Twelfth Night: 2nd For Door.

Thirteenth Night: 3rd For Door.

Fourteenth Night: 4th For Door.

Fifteenth Night: 1st Of Sequel.

Sixteenth Night: 2nd Of Sequel.

Seventeenth Night: 3rd Of Sequel.

The Great Ceremonies: The Bladder Ceremony


The Ceremony.

The Great Ceremonies: The Doll Ceremony


The Paraphernalia.

The Ceremony.

The Legend.

The Great Ceremonies: Potlatch For The Dead


Preliminary Activities.

First Night.

Second Night.

Third Night.

Fourth Night.

The Great Ceremonies: The Hot Dance


Preliminary Activities.

The Dance.



Causes Of Death.

Types Of Disposal Of The Dead.

Coffin Burial: Before Kashim Ceremony.

Coffin Burial: Kashim Ceremony.

Coffin Burial: Following The Kashim Ceremony.

Disposal Of Deceased's Property.

Behavior Of The Mourners.

Family Life

Around The House

The Buildings.

The People In The House.

Areas Of The House.


Making Fire.

Preparation Of Food.

Eating, Visiting, And Storytelling.

Away From Home


Between Winter Village And Summer Camp.

Family Hunting Groups.

Being Born



The Mother.

The Father.

The Baby.

Growing Up

Feeding The Child.

Handling The Child.

Cleanliness And Toilet Training.






First Menstruation.

End Of Seclusion.

Dangers Of Menstruation.

Recurrent Menstruation.

Males In Relation To Puberty.


The Approach To Marriage.

The Nuptial Union.


Child Marriage.


Polygyny And Divorce.

Wife Exchange.

Interpersonal Relations

A Man And A Woman


Love Affairs.

Sexual Intercourse.

Two Men Or Two Women



Dependency Relations.



A Child And Another Individual


Cooperation And Privilege.

Dependency Relations.


Categorical Relations


Joking Relationships.

“close Relations.”


Individual Behavior

Dressing And Washing



Fishing, Hunting, And Gathering

Dip Net Fishing.

At The Jackfish Traps.

At The Summer Or Whitefish Traps.

Seine Net Fishing.

At The Dog Salmon Traps.

Fish Spearing.

Gill Net Fishing.

At The Side Stream Traps.

At The Winter Or Loche Traps.

At The Blackfish Traps.

Fishing With A Line.

Caribou Hunting.

Moose Hunting.

Bear Hunting.

Beaver Hunting.

Muskrat Hunting.

Lynx Snaring.

Rabbit Snaring.

Killing Porcupines.

The Hunting Of Other Small Animals.

Trapping The Wolf And Wolverine.

The Snaring And Shooting Of Birds.


Travel And Transportation


Travel Alone.



Explanatory Statement.

Acquiring Wood.

Splitting Wood.

Child Play And Miscellaneous Aberrations





Part Three: Analysis And Commentary


The Kashim And Group Hunting And Fishing

Sports And Games

Shamanistic Practices

Councils, Blood Revenge, Warfare, And Trade

The Lesser Ceremonies And “putting Down” For Prestige Or Privilege

The Great Ceremonies


Family Life

Interpersonal Relations

Individual Behavior

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ingalik social culture

Published By: Original publisher New Haven: Published for the Dept. of Anthropology, Yale University, by The Yale University Press. 1958. 289 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Cornelius Osgood

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Ingalik (NA08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Annual cycle (221); Hunting and trapping (224); Fishing (226); Fishing gear (227); Topography and geology (133); Dwellings (342); Public structures (344); Household (592); Family relationships (593); Diet (262); Eating (264); Sleeping (513); Personal hygiene (515); Travel (484); Vehicles (493); Inter-ethnic relations (629); Exchange transactions (437); External relations (648); Mythology (773); Organized ceremonial (796); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this one of three volumes reconstructing traditional Ingalik culture and society, Osgood draws on his mid-1930s fieldwork documenting multiple aspects of daily life and the life cycle, recreation and ritual, family life, interpersonal relations, and individual behavior.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. na08-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1934, 1937, 1956

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist – 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem ; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1934-1937

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Anvik, southwestern Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Deg Hit'an Indians


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