Friedl, Erika. Sources of female power in Iran

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sources of female power in Iran

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph In the eye of the storm : women in post-revolutionary Iran, edited by Mahnaz Afkhami and Erika Friedl

Published By: Original publisher In the eye of the storm : women in post-revolutionary Iran, edited by Mahnaz Afkhami and Erika Friedl London ; New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers. 1994. 151-167, 214-216 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Erika Friedl

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iran (MA01)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Normal garb (291); Labor supply and employment (464); Gender status (562); Family relationships (593); Social control (626); Sex and marital offenses (684); General character of religion (771);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this paper, Friedl argues that in spite of women's subordinate position in Iranian society, they are able to derive some power to effect change in their lives and those of others. Following a dialectic logic, Friedl shows how women counter the dominating discourse to access and use power. This power potential of women is discussed in four contexts: household, work, religion and government. By being a super housekeeper, a woman brings prestige to the household, makes family members dependent on her services, and gives her control of household resources. As a wage earner, women have the additional advantage of controlling their own money to assert their priorities. Women can use piety as a manipulative strategy, as well, such as gaining a job promotion. Mothers of martyrs, successful pilgrims, and descendents of the Prophet all carry respect and are a source of potential power. Even in sex-segregated schools, Friedl sees women having more opportunity to express themselves, develop confidence in their knowledge, and practice leadership skills.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 96

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ma01-096

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1965-1992

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1965-1992

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Iran

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iranians

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