Horne, Lee. Village spaces: settlement and society in northeastern Iran

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

The Study Area

The Fieldwork

Organization Of The Book

Chapter 2 The Natural Environment


Topography And Hydrology

Geological Situation Of Turan

The Mountains

The Plains

The Sand Sea

The Kavir


The Mountains

The Plains

The Sand Sea

The Kavir And Its Borders


The Mountains

The Plains

The Sand Sea

The Kavir



Fauna In The Special Environment Of Settlement

Chapter 3 Subsistence



Grazing Patterns

Fuel Production

Historical Activities Using Local Resources

Archaeological Recognition And Recovery Of Agricultural And Pastoral Systems

Recognition Of Off-site Productive Activities

The Potential In Off-site Archaeology

Chapter 4 Settlement In Khar O Tauran

Location And Resources


Summer Milking Stations

Winter Stations

Year-round Pastoral Stations

Other Types Of Settlement

Location And Subsistence

Location And Interaction

Settlement Stability

Archaeological Recognition Of Settlement Types

Chapter 5 Village Spaces

The Village As Workplace

The Village As Shelter

The Village As Social Setting

Kinship And Proximity

Changing Places

The Village As Cultural Setting

Explicitly Religious Space

Orientation To Qebla


Processes Of Growth

Chapter 6 Houses And Households

Building A House

Materials Of Construction


Wall Construction


Details And Finishing


Features And Miscellaneous Minor Structures

Cost Of The Completed House

The Ideal House

Variation In Village Structures

Measures Of Wealth: Animals, Land, And Water

Architectural Expression Of Wealth And Status

Chapter 7 The Village As An Archaeological Site

The Raw Materials Of A Mound

Climatic Factors In Mound Formation

The Social Side Of Mound Formation

Settlement Size

Density Within Settlements

Occupational And Locational Stability

Construction Technology

Social Life Of The Built Environment

Farming Technology

Chapter 8 Assessing The Fit

Rooms And Activities

The Issue Of Reuse

The Effects Of Reuse

Reuse At Pastoral Stations

Some Archaeological Implications Of Recycling

Houses And Households Revisited

Predicting Fit Between Houses And Households

Identifying Houses

Locating Households

Fields And Communities

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Village spaces: settlement and society in northeastern Iran

Published By: Original publisher Washington ; London: Smithsonian Institution Press. 1994. xvi, 246 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lee Horne

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iran (MA01)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Experimental data (1213); Prehistory (172); Annual cycle (221); Dwellings (342); Settlement patterns (361); Household (592); Community structure (621); Inter-community relations (628);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an ethnoarchaeological study of a village and its surrounding district in northeastern Iran. The researchers examine the natural environment, settlement and subsistence patterns, building structures, use of building space, kinship relationships among households, occupational structure, marriage patterns, and land use. The authors' goal is to ascertain the relationships between spatial and social organization, and check assumptions in the settlement archaeology literature regarding such relationships. There is good data here on how buildings are built, used, and recycled for other uses.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 80

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ma01-080

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 219-235) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1976-1978

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1956-1978

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Baghestan village, Khor o Tauran District, Semnan Province, Iran

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iranians/Land settlement patterns--Iran/Villages--Iran/Dwellings--Iran--Khar o Tauran/Ethnoarchaeology/Khar o Tauran (Iran)--Social life and customs


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