Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Massé, Henri, 1886-1969
Messner, Charles A.
Persian beliefs and customs
Published By: Original publisher
New Haven [Conn.]: Human Relations Area Files. 1954. 527
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Culture summary (105);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a study of Persian beliefs and customs from the
beginning of Iranian history up to the 1930s. Most of the data presented here are derived
from earlier published materials, from the authors own observations, and from information
given him by informants in Iran in the 1920s and 1930s. This work is almost entirely
descriptive; the author rarely analyses or interprets the data he has collected. Topics
covered include beliefs and practices related to marriage, pregnancy, childbirth, death,
ceremonial, animals, plants, meteorology, astrology, divination, magic, supernatural
beings, constructions, monuments and religious edifices. Abstracts of particular legends,
folk tales and poetry are provided and childrens games are also described. The author has
attempted to select his source materials from a representative sample of earlier works,
especially those by reliable travelers, and there are many references to beliefs and
practices indigenous to particular regions and tribal groups in Iran. On the whole,
however, the data apply predominantly to the Iranians of the larger cities and surrounding
rural areas, although Masse is frequently careless about specifying the area, date of
observation, or prevalency of particular beliefs and practices. Also confusing is the
authors intermittent replacing of Roman with Islamic dates; occasionally both are indicated
(as 1323-1905 for example). The authors transliteration of Persia and Arabic words has been
followed in this translation, while place names have been changed, wherever possible, to
conform with those listed in Websters Geographical Dictionary (1949 ed.). At the time of
publication of this study, Massé was Professor at the National School of Oriental Languages
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Translation of: [Croyances et Coutumes Persanes]|The
original French text is included Includes bibliographical references (p. 517-526)
Translated from the French for the Human Relations Area Files by Charles A. Messner in
1954|Omitted from Files: Various pages of non-textual material; indices; errata. [The
corrections listed on the errata sheet have been incorporated in this translation.]|The
sources for much of this material comes from the writings of European scholars, explorers
and diplomats, including among the earliest the Spanish explorer Garciá de Silva Y Figueroa
(1617-1619), Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (1631-1633, 1651-55, 1657-62, 1664-68), the German
scholar Adam Olearius (1635-1637), French-British explorer Sir John Chardin (1673-1677),
James Justinian Morier (1809), Charles Texier (1834), Layard (1840-1841), etc. Massé also
draws from the Persian wirters and poets, such as Firdousi (935-1020), who wrote the epic
'Book of Kings.' (I. Full references for abbreviated bibliographical listings which appear
throughout the text may be found in Information sources in other works (113), pp. 517-527.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Mary L. Bartlett
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings