Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953. The Tanala, a hill tribe of Madagascar

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Tanala, A Hill Tribe Of Madagascar

I. Introduction

Ii. Nature Of The Territory

Iii. Tanala Aborigines

Iv. Composition And Origins Of The Present Tribe

Divisions Of The Ikongo

Divisions Of The Menabe

V. Economic Life

Sources Of Food

Agriculture

Domestic Animals

Pets

Hunting

Fishing

Honey And Beeswax

Wild Vegetable Foods

Preparation Of Food

Fire Making

Pottery

Methods Of Cooking

Utensils

Customs In Eating

Alcohol And Narcotics

Manufactures

Division Of Labor

Artisans

Metal Working

Wood Working

Work In Horn, Bone And Hide

Matting And Basketry

Manufacture Of Bark Cloth

Manufacture Of Cloth

Cordage

Dwellings

Artificial Light

Costume

Transportation

Trade

Forest Products

Property And Inheritance

Vi. Social Organization

The Family

The Lineage

The Village

The Gens

Social Classes

Regulation Of Marriage

The Levirate

Significance Of The Bride Price

Inter-class Marriage And Inheritance Of Rank

Relationship Terms

Vii. Government

The Menabe

The Ikongo

Election Of The King

Royal Powers And Functions

Administration Of Justice

Trial By Ordeal

Menabe Legal System

Viii. Religion

Beliefs

Cosmology

Control Of Human Affairs

Deities

Non-human Spirits

Spirits Of The Dead

Death And Burial

Ikongo Burial Customs

Menabe Burial Customs

Tombs

Relics Of Dead Chiefs

Lost Bodies

Mourning Customs

Erection Of Memorial Stones

Ancestor Worship

Prayer And Sacrifice

Sacrifices To The Ancestors As A Whole

Sacrifices To Individual Spirits

Ombiasy

Activities Of The Ombiasy

Divination

Determination Of Lucky And Unlucky Days

Ikongo Calendar For Divination

Divination By The Stars

Spells

Manufacture And Use Of Charms

Healing

Sleight Of Hand

Sorcery

Fady

Omens

Dreams

Insanity And Spirit Possession

Ix. Weapons And Warfare

Weapons

Warfare

X. Amusements

Toys And Games

Musical Instruments

Xi. Art

Xii. Life Cycle Of The Individual

Conception

Pregnancy Taboos

Birth

Disposal Of The Umbilical Cord

Destiny Of The Child

Naming

Care Of Infants

Circumcision

Status Of Illegitimate Children

Orphans

Adoption

Disownment

Parental Authority

Childhood

Puberty

Children's House

Chastity

Incest

Berdaches

Marriage

Ceremonies Of Betrothal And Marriage

Plural Marriages

Divorce

Remarriage

Blood Brotherhood

Old Age

Suicide

Attitude Toward Death

Xiii. Proverbs

Xiv. A Legend

Xv. Wars Of The Tanala Ikongo

Tanala-hova War

Tanala-french War

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Tanala, a hill tribe of Madagascar

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: [s.n.]. 1933. 334 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Ralph Linton … Marshall Field expedition to Madagascar, 1926

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tanala (FY08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural identity and pride (186); Ethos (181); Settlement patterns (361); Dwellings (342); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Community councils (623); Territorial hierarchy (631); Form and rules of government (642); Visual arts (5311); General character of religion (771); Spirits and gods (776); Eschatology (775); Cult of the dead (769); History (175);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This work was planned as the first of a series on Madagascar field research, sponsored by the Field Museum as an extension of its interest in Malayan ethnology. Although the author was only two months among the Tanala themselves, he spent about one year and a half traveling throughout Madagascar, and as a result presents data on various other tribes of the island in comparison with that on the Tanala. The work is presented as a standard ethnography, with sections on tribal identification, economy, social organization, government, religion, warfare, amusement, art, life cycle, folklore, and a brief history of tribal wars.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fy08-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1926-27

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Richard Schaedel ; 1956

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1800-1927

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Madagascar

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Captain Marshall Field expedition to Madagascar, 1926-1927/Tanala (Malagasy people)/Ethnology--Madagascar

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