Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Raum, Otto Friedrich
The social functions of avoidances and taboos among the
Published By: Original publisher
Berlin, New York: de Gruyter. 1973. xiv, 576 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
von O. F. Raum
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Personal names (551);
Family relationships (593);
Chief executive (643);
Executive household (644);
Community heads (622);
Religious offenses (688);
Avoidance and taboo (784);
Puberty and initiation (881);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source presents an exhaustive analysis of the
sociological function of UKUHLONIPHA (Hl) (avoidance) and UKUZILA (Za) (abstention or
taboo) in Zulu social organization and institutional activities. The framework for the
tables appearing in this work were drawn up by the author in 1940 and filled in from the
literature on the Zulu as well as fieldwork in Mapumulo District. This information was
further verified and supplemented in consultation with approximately 100 students and
teachers at the Umpumulo Training College. During the summers of 1952-1953, 1955-1956, and
1956-1957 (a total of nine months in all), the author visited the districts of Eshowe,
Mahlabatini, Nongoma, and Nkandla to further supplement his data (p. 1). From Raum's
original survey, it was determined that the avoidance and taboo patterns covered a very
wide range of phenomena in those specific situations in which such behavior was obligatory.
later fieldwork '…revealed that the whole gamut of Hl and Za observances is never found
implemented in any one family, in any particular individual. Each Zulu, and each lineage
makes a selection which is determined by historical, cultural and economic circumstances
and individual predilections' (p. 1).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Errata slip inserted Includes bibliographical
references (p. 548-554)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1940, 1952-53, 1955-56, 1956-57 (9 months)
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1979
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Mapumulo, Eshowe, Mahlabatini, Nongoma, and
Nkandia Districts; KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Zulu (African people)