Callaway, Henry, 1817-1890. Nursery tales, traditions, and histories of the Zulus, in their own words, with a translation into English, and notes

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Izinganekwane.

Introduction To The Zulu Nursery Tales.

Preface To The Tale Of Uthlakanyana.

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Uhlakanyana.

Uthlakanyana Speaks Before He Is Born.

The Father Calls The People Together.

All The People Are Put Out Of The Hut, And Uthlakanyana Is Born.

Uthlakanyana Goes Out, And The People Run Away.

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The Men Praise His Wisdom, And Propose That He Shall Be The Great Child.

Uthlakanyana Proposes A Test Of Manhood.

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Uthlakanyana Practises Hypocrisy, And Appropriates The Property Of Other People.

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The Women Express Great Doubt As To Uthlakanyana Being A Real Man.

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Uthlakanyana Goes A Hunting, And Takes Birds Out Of Other People's Traps.

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The Boys Object To Have Uthlakanyana As A Bedfellow.

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Uthlakanyana Eats The Birds, And Deceives His Mother.

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Uthlakanyana Goes To The Traps, And Gets Trapped Himself.

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Uthlakanyana Is Taken Home By The Cannibal, And Delivered To The Cannibal's Mother.

Uthlakanyana Avoids Being Boiled By Boiling The Cannibal's Mother.

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Uthlakanyana Puts On The Clothes Of The Cannibal's Mother, And Becomes A Witness Of The Cannibal's Feast.

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Uthlakanyana Thinks It Is Time To Be Off, And Sets Off Accordingly.

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Uthlakanyana Circumvents A Hare, And Gets A Dinner And A Whistle.

Uthlakanyana Is Circumvented By An Iguana, And Loses His Whistle.

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Uthlakanyana Steals Some Bread, And Escapes Without Punishment.

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Uthlakanyana Becomes The Servant Of A Leopard.

Uthlakanyana Gives The Leopard A Lesson In Suckling.

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Uthlakanyana Eats The Leopard And Her Cubs.

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Uthlakanyana Falls In With A Cannibal, Whom He Gets Into Trouble, And Leaves To Die.

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Uthlakanyana Meets A Cannibal, Who Will Not Trust Him.

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Uthlakanyana Makes The Cannibal Who Would Not Trust Him The Means Of Frightening Another Cannibal.

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Uthlakanyana Comes Back, And Gains The Cannibal's Confidence.

Uthlakanyana Brings A Little Army Against The Cannibal, Which Proves Too Much For Him.

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Uthlakanyana Mocks The Dead Cannibal, And Instals Himself As Owner Of The House.

The Original Owner Of The House Comes Back, And Submits To Uthlakanyana.

Uthlakanyana Cannot Forget The Iguana, From Whom He Gets Back His Whistle.

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Uthlakanyana Returns To The Cannibal, But Finds The House Burnt, And Determines To Go Back To His Mother.

Uthlakanyana's Arrival At Home.

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On The Following Day Uthlakanyana Goes To A Wedding, And Brings Home Some Umdiandiane.

His Mother, Having Eaten The Umdiandiane, Redeems Her Fault By A Milk-pail.

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Uthlakanyana Lends His Milk-pail, For Which When Broken He Gets An Assagai.

Uthlakanyana Lends His Assagai, For Which When Broken He Gets An Axe.

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Uthlakanyana Lends His Axe, For Which When Broken He Gets A Blanket.

Uthlakanyana Lends His Blanket, For Which When Torn He Gets A Shield.

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Uthlakanyana Lends His Shield, For Which When Broken He Receives A War-assagai.

Usikulumi Kahlokohloko. 40

The Father Of Usikulumi Has His Male Children Destroyed.

Usikulumi Is Born, And Preserved By His Mother's Love.

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He Goes With The Herdboys, And Acts The King.

He Is Seen And Recognised By His Father's Officers.

The Officers Make Him Known To His Father For A Reward.

The King Is Angry, And Commands Him To Be Taken To The Great Forest, And Left There.

His Mother And Sister Accompany Him To The Great Forest, And Leave Him There Alone.

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Usikulumi Is Aided By The Many-headed Monster, And Becomes Great.

He Visits His Uncle, And Is Received With Great Joy.

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He Reaches His Father's Kingdom; His Father Is Grieved At His Arrival, And Tries To Kill Him.

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Usikulumi Kills All His Father's People, And Departs With The Spoil.

Uzembeni; 46 Or, Usikulumi's Courtship.

Uzembeni, Having Destroyed All Other People, Wishes To Eat Her Own Children, But Finds The Flesh Bitter.

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Usikulumi Comes To Court Uzembeni's Daughters.

The Girls Dig A Hole In The House, And Conceal Him In It.

Uzembeni Returns, And Scents The Game.

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Usikulumi Runs Away With One Of Uzembeni's Daughters.

They Travel Night And Day, Hoping To Escape Uzembeni.

Uzembeni Pursues Them, And They Ascend A Lofty Tree.

Uzembeni Attempts To Hew Down The Tree, And Is Torn In Pieces By The Dogs.

The Tree Becomes Sound, And Uzembeni Comes To Life Again.

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Uzwanide Having Been Ground To Powder, Usikulumi Escapes.

Another Version Of A Portion Of The Tale.

A Swallow Meets With Usikulumi, And Gives Him A Charm.

The Swallow's Skin Warns Usikulumi Of Danger.

The Swallow's Skin Tells Him To Make His Escape.

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Uzembeni Comes To Life Again.

Untombinde. 56

Untombinde Urges Her Father To Allow Her To Go To The Ilulange.

She Collects Two Companies Of Maidens, And Sets Out.

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They Arrive At The Ilulange, And Bathe: The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Steals Their Clothes.

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Untombinde Refuses To Petition The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu, And The Monster Seizes Her.

The Other Girls Lament Her, And Return To Tell The Tale.

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The King Sends An Army Against The Monster; The Monster Destroys It, And The Whole Country.

A Father, Who Escaped, Pursues The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu, And Kills It.

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All That The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Had Devoured Come Out Of Its Dead Body, And Untombinde Among The Rest.

Untombinde Goes To Unthlatu's People To Be Acknowledged, But Finds No Bridegroom.

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Untombinde Receives A Nocturnal Visitor, Who Eats And Drinks, And Departs.

Untombinde Is Troubled On Finding The Food Gone.

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Untombinde Receives A Second Visit, And The Person Speaks To Her.

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Untombinde Receives A Third Visit, And The Visitor Makes Himself Known.

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Unthlata Tells Untombinde To Call His Mother.

Unthlatu's Mother Tells His Father Of Unthlatu's Return, And The Nation Is Assembled.

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Unthlatu Makes Himself Known To His Father And To The Nation.

Another Version Of A Portion Of The Tale.

The Pigeons Foretell The Birth Of Unthlatu.

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Unthlatu When Born Is Cradled In A Boa's Skin.

Unthlatu Leaves His Mother, To Avoid Being Killed By His Brothers.

The Mother Places Food For Her Lost Child.

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Appendix.; Monsters.

Amavukutu.

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Usitungusobenhle. 90

Usitungusobenthle And Her Sister Go Out To Gather Ubenthle.

The Female Attendants Refuse To Return With Usitungusobenthle: She Returns Alone, And Falls In With A Cannibal.

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Usitungusobenthle's Sister And The Attendants Make A False Report.

The Cannibal Puts Usitungusobenthle Into His Bag, And Walks Off With Her.

Usitungusobenthle Speaks In The Bag, And Her Brothers Recognise Her Voice.

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Usitungusobenthle's Brothers Take The Cannibal To Their Father.

The Father Sends The Cannibal To Fetch Water In A Leaky Calabash, And Takes Usitungusobenthle Out Of The Bag.

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The Cannibal Departs With His Bag Full Of Venomous Animals.

The Cannibal's Death.

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Usitungusobenthle's Father Kills The Girls Who Had Forsaken Her.

Usitungusobenhle Namajubatente. 4

Usitungusobenthle Is Carried Off By Pigeons.

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Usitungusobenthle Becomes The Queen Of The Pigeons.

The Men Go To Hunt, Leaving Usitungusobenthle Alone With An Old Woman.

Usitungusobenthle's Children Feign Sickness, And Return To Their Mother.

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Usitungusobenthle Escapes With Her Children. An Alarm Is Given.

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The King Sets Out In Pursuit With A Large Army.

The Sea Divides At Usitungusobenthle's Word, And She And Her Children Pass Through.

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The Army Is Persuaded To Follow, And Is Drowned.

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Usitungusobenthle Returns To Her Home, And Finds It Desolate.

Usitungusobenthle Rips Open The Isik Q Umadevu, And Animals And Men Come Out Of It, And All Things Are Renewed.

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Uluhlazase.

Two Princesses With Their Attendant Maidens Go To Bathe.

The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Takes Away Their Garments.

Uluthlazase Refuses To Ask For Her Garments, And Is Left By The Others.

The Princess Fights With The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu.

The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Goes To Fetch Assistance, And Uluthlazase Escapes.

The Other Girls Deceive Uluthlazase's Parents, And Are Killed.

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The Father Summons The Nation, And Goes In Quest Of The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu.

The Damsels Which The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Had Devoured Are Recovered, And Their Fathers Rejoice.

Uluthlazase Becomes Queen.

What The Isik Q Uk Q Umadevu Was Like.

Ulangalasenhla Nolangalasenzantsi. 19 ; (ulangalasenthla And Ulangalasenzantsi.)

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Ulangalasenzantsi Goes To Fetch His Children: His Way Is Obstructed By Ten Swollen Rivers, Which Divide, And He Passes Onward.

He Comes To A Spring, And Falls In With His Daughter's Child.

Ulangalasenzantsi Makes Himself Known To His Daughter.

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Ulangalasenzantsi Appears Openly To Ulangalasenthla.

Ulangalasenthla Summons His Soldiers, And Orders Them To Kill Ulangalasenzantsi.

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Ulangalasenthla Sends His Army After Ulangalasenzantsi.

They Come To A Flooded River, Which Divides, And Allows Them To Pass.

The Soldiers Arrive At The River; It Divides: They Enter; It Closes, And Overwhelms Them.

Ulangalasenzantsi And His Children Rejoice.

Ulangalasenzantsi And Many Others Die In The Way; A Few Reach Their Home.

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Ubabuze. 26

Ubabuze Obtains His Father's Permission To Visit A Maiden.

Ubabuze Sets Out With His People: He Goes By The Wrong Road.

Ubabuze Gets Into Trouble, And Loses All His Cattle And Men.

Ubabuze Is Helped By A Mouse.

Ubabuze Is Conveyed Through The Air To His Destination.

Ubabuze Remains There A Year, And Then Sets Out With The Wedding Party.

Ubabuze Takes Many Cattle With Him.

Ubabuze Restores To The Mouse Its Skin, And Kills An Ox For It.

Ubabuze's Party Exterminate The Hyenas.

Ubabuze Reaches Home With His Bride, And There Is Great Rejoicing.

Umuntu Nenyoni.; (the Man And The Bird.)

A Woman Goes To Labour In The Field: Her Labour Is Rendered Useless By A Wagtail.

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The Woman Again Tries, But The Wagtail, As Before, Renders Her Labour Vain.

She Goes Home And Tells Her Husband Of The Wonderful Bird.

The Husband Catches The Bird, And Obtains A Feast, Which He Eats Alone.

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The Husband Again Feasts Alone, By Night, When The Rest Are Asleep.

One Of The Children, Having Seen The Father Feasting, Reveals The Di Covery To The Other.

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All The Children Watch Their Father At His Solitary Nocturnal Feast.

During The Feast Of The Children, The Bird Escapes.

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The Father, Finding The Bird Gone, Mourns In Vain For His Titbit.

Ukcombekcantsini.

The Wives Of A Certain King Give Birth To Crows. His Queen Has No Child.

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The Childless Queen Receives Assistance From Some Pigeons.

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The Queen Fetches Castor-oil Seeds For The Pigeons.

The Pigeons Draw Blood From Her, And Tell Her What To Do With The Clot.

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She Finds Two Children In The Clot At The End Of Four Months.

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She Conceals The Children, And Feeds Them By Night.

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The Crows Trouble The Queen.

The Queen Gives The Girl A Name.

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The Boy And Girl Go Out When Their Mother Is Absent, And Make Some Acquaintances.

They Tell Their New Acquaintances Something About Themselves, And Learn Something About Their Acquaintances.

The Queen Is Displeased.

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A Large Company Come To The Royal Kraal, With Cattle, To Ask The King's Daughter In Marriage.

The Mothers Of The Crows Jeer The Queen.

The King Tells Them He Has No Daughter; But They Persist In Asking His Daughter In Marriage.

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The Queen Salutes The Strangers.

She Presents Her Children To The King.

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They Order An Ox To Be Slaughtered For The Strangers.

The Bridegroom Is Accepted.

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The King Advises Them To Set Out On The Morrow.

The Queen Forewarns Them.

The Bridal Party Sets Out Together; But Are A Separated In The Way.

An Imbulu Accosts The Bride, And Deceives Her.

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The Bride And Her Maids Are Turned Into Birds.

The Bridegroom Is Uneasy.

The Birds Jeer Ukakaka.

The King Is Dissatisfied With The Bride.

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Ukakaka Is Also Dissatisfied.

The Bride And Her Maids Assume Their Own Forms, And Visit The Bridegroom's Kraal.

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The Women Wonder At The Work Done By Unknown Hands.

The Bride And Her Maids Pay A Second Visit.

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They Pay A Third Visit.

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The Women Look Out For Something Wonderful.

Ukakaka Learns The Secret From Uthlese.

The Bride And Her Maids Pay A Fourth Visit.

Ukakaka Surprises Them.

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Ukakaka Tells The King That The True Bride Has Come.

They Prepare A Punishment For The False Bride.

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The Nation Is Called To The Royal Wedding.

Ukcombekcansini Reigns With Ukakaka.

Appendix.; The “little Birds.”

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Inhlamvu.; (the Honey-bird.)

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Itshe Likantunjambili.; (the Rock Of Two-holes; Or, The Cannibal's Cave.)

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Intombi Namazimu.; (the Girl And The Cannibals.)

Some Cannibals Steal A Sheep.

The Cannibals Leave A Captive Maiden, Warning Her Not To Roast The Sheep During Their Absence.

Other Cannibals, Attracted By The Scent Of The Roasted Meat, Discover The Maiden's Retreat.

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The Rock Of Two-holes.

The Cannibals Summon The Damsel To Open To Them.

A Cannibal Feigns The Voice Of The Owner Of The Rock Of Two-holes, And Is Admitted.

The Maiden Escapes, And Is Pursued.

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She, Being Tired, Ascends A High Tree; The Cannibals Come Up To It, And Sit At Its Foot.

They Discover Her, And Try To Cut Down The Tree.

The Maiden's Brother Has A Dream, And Goes To Seek His Sister.

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He Delivers His Sister, And They Return Home Together.

Addition To The Foregoing Tale By Another Native.

The Brother Goes Up The Tree With His Sister, And They Find A Beautiful Country.

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They Find An Ox, Which They Kill And Roast; But Are Detected By The Cannibals.

They Make A Rope Of The Hide.

They Devise A Plan For Drawing Up A Cannibal.

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They Tantalise The Cannibal By Eating In His Presence.

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The Cannibal Is Prevented From Appeasing His Hunger.

The Cannibal Dies.

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The Sister Proposes That They Shall Go Down From The Tree And Seek Their Sister.

They Find Their Sister, And Live With Her In Peace.

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Appendix.; The Heaven-country.

Umbadhlanyana And The Cannibal.

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Amazimu; (cannibals.)

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Appendix.; Cannibalism.

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Ugungqu-kubantwana.

An Old Woman Lives At Her Son-in-law's Kraal.

She Steals Her Children's Milk.

The Son-in-law Detects Her; And Sets Her An Impossible Task.

She Sets Out To Fetch Water From A Pool Where No Frog Cries.

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She Reaches A Pool Of Delicious Water.

The Animals Warn Her Of The Arrival Of Ugung Q U-kubantwana.

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A Huge Animal Arrives, And The Old Woman Is Alarmed.

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Ugung Q U Orders The Old Woman To Be Eaten.

She Is Delivered By Four Oribes.

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The Oribes Contrive To Throw Suspicion On The Hyenas.

Ugung Q U Devours The Hyenas.

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The Old Woman Is Received By Her Son-in-law.

She Sets Her Son A Dangerous And Difficult Task.

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The Man Is Suspected And Watched By The Young Izingogo.

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He Hunts With The Izingogo.

He Kills Their Grandmother, And Runs Off With Her Liver.

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The Young Izingogo Give The Alarm.

They Pursue The Murderer.

He Escapes.

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The Izingogo Boil And Eat Their Grandmother.

The Son-in-law Reaches Home.

Appendix (a).; Ugungqu-kubantwana.

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Appendix (b).; The Izingogo.

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Ukuvela Kwezimfene.; (the Origin Of Baboons.)

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Another Version.

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Appendix (c). Izimu Ela Tolwa Umasendeni.; (the Cannibal Whom Umasendeni Received Into His House.)

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Umkxakaza-wakogingqwayo.

The Birth Of Umkxakaza.

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Her Father's Rash Promise.

Umkxakaza's Maturity.

The Size Of The Town In Which She Dwelt.

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Umkxakaza Despises Her Father's Offering.

A Larger Offering Is Made, But Still Despised.

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Again She Despises A Still Larger Offering.

The Army Sent To Obtain Cattle Fall In With Usilosimapundu.

Usilosimapundu's Officers.

The Soldiers Contemn Usilosimapundu, And Are Threatened.

Description Of Usilosimapundu.

The Cattle At Length Darken The Sun, And Umkxakaza Is Satisfied.

Umk X Akaza Returns Home.

There Is Universal Rejoicing.

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All The People Go To Dig In The Royal Garden, Leaving Umkxakaza And Her Sister Alone.

There Is Thunder And An Earthquake.

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They Are Visited By Strange Guests.

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Usilosimapundu's Eating.

The Leaves Force Umk X Akaza To Eat Amasi.

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They Spoil The Village, And Usilosimapundu Devours Everything In It.

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The Leaves Drink.

Umk X Akaza Goes To Usilosimapundu.

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Her Sister And Mother Have A Presentiment Of Evil, And Hasten Home.

Usilosimapundu Runs Off With Umk X Akaza.

The Sister And Mother Reach The Town Together.

The King And His Army Arm, And Pursue The Beast.

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The Army Tries In Vain To Rescue Umk X Akaza.

Umk X Akaza's Father And Mother, And Brother And Sister, Follow The Beast.

The Mother Also, Being Tired, Turns Back.

The Beast Takes Umk X Akaza To A Beautiful Cave, And Leaves Her There.

The Beast's Parting Address.

Umk X Akaza Sleeps Alone In The Cave.

Umk X Akaza Is Frightened By The Approach Of A Strange Being.

Two Of These Strange Beings Visit The Cave.

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Many Come To The Cave, And Umk X Akaza Expects To Be Killed.

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The Amadhlungundhlebe Take Away Umk X Akaza.

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Umk X Akaza Is Beloved By The Chief, And Called His Child.

Umk X Akaza Becomes Very Fat, And The Amadhlungundhlebe Wish To Kill Her.

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Preparations Are Made For Melting Down Um X Akaza.

Umk X Akaza, By Her Incantations, Raises A Tempest, Which Destroys Many Of Her Enemies.

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Her Enemies Try Again, And Are Destroyed.

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Umkxakaza Escapes From The Amadhlungundhlebe.

She Reaches Her Home.

She Makes Herself Known To Her Mother.

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The Father Summons The Nation To Rejoice At The Return Of His Daughter.

The Whole Nation Holds A Great Festival.

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Many Kings Come To Woo Umk X Akaza.

A Distant King Hears Of Her Beauty, And Sends An Old Man To Fetch Her.

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Umk X Akaza And Her People Follow The Frog.

The Frog Becomes An Old Man Again, And Proves Treacherous.

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Umkxakaza Ascends A Tree For Safety, After Transforming Herself.

All The Beasts Of The Forest Assemble At The Call Of The Old Man.

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Umkxakaza Again Joins The Old Man, Who Wonders At The Size Of Her Head.

The People Wish To Drive Her Away Because Of Her Deformity.

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The King's Sister Asks Umkxakaza To Go To A Dance.

The Dance Is Broken Up On The Appearance Of Umkxakaza.

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Umkxakaza Assumes Her Original Beauty, And Makes Herself Known To The King's Sister.

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The People Admire Her, And The King Loves Her.

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The Old Man Is Killed; And Umk X Akaza Marries The King, And Lives Happily Ever After.

Izelamani.; (the Two Brothers.)

Two Brothers Go Out To Hunt, And Fall In With An Old Woman.

The Old Woman Shows Them Something To Their Advantage.

As They Return Home, The Older Forsakes The Younger.

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The Bird-messenger.

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The Younger Is Rescued, And The Elder Disappears.

Ubongopa-kamagadhlela.

The King's Child And Ubongopa-kamagadhlela.

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Thieves Come To Steal The King's Cattle.

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They Detect The King's Son.

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The King And People Are Alarmed At His Absence.

The Boy Tries The Thieves' Patience.

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They Reach The King, Who Boasts Of What He Will Do.

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The Boy Descends, And Enters A Hut.

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He Raises A Storm, Which Affects Every One But Himself.

They Kill Ubongopa, But Injure Themselves.

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They Go To Bathe, To Wash Away The Evil Influence Of Ubongopa.

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The Boy Brings Ubongopa To Life Again, And Leaves The Village.

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They Pursue Him.

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The Boy Kills The Chief, And All His People Die.

He Restores Them To Life Again.

The Chief Tries In Vain To Kill The Boy.

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He Brings The People To Life Again, And Leaves The Chief Dead.

They Are Attacked On Their Journey By Another Tribe.

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They Try In Vain To Kill The Boy; He Kills The Chief, And Leads Off The People.

He Sends Messengers To His Father.

The Nation Prepares To Receive Him With Joy.

He Returns To His Home, And Refuses To Change His Mode Of Life.

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Umdhlubu 78 Neselesele.; (umdhlubu And The Frog.)

The Queen Is Hated By The Other Wives Of The King.

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The Queen Forgets Her Child.

She Seeks In Vain For The Lost Child.

The Polygamic Wives Rejoice.

A Message Is Despatched To The King.

The Child Is Found By Another Queen.

She Is Brought Up With The Queen's Son.

The Officers Tell The Queen's Son To Marry The Foundling.

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An Old Woman Imparts To The Foundling The Secret Of Her Origin.

The Foundling's Grief.

She Meets With A Friend.

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She Quits Her Adopted Home, And Sets Out In Search Of Her Own People.

The Frog Meets With A String Of Young Men, Who Threaten To Kill Him.

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And A String Of Men.

And Some Boys Belonging To Her Father.

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And Her Own Brother.

He Arrives At Her Mother's Village.

She Makes Herself Known To Her Mother.

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Her Mother Rejoices.

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Another Woman Joins In The Rejoicings.

The Other Women Are Confounded.

The King Is Informed Of Her Arrival.

The News Is Published, And The People Rejoice.

The King Visits The Princess.

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They Dance For Her.

The King Sits With His Child, And Orders A Fat Ox To Be Killed For Her.

The King And Queen And Her Children Rejoice Together.

The Frog Is Called By The King And Rewarded.

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The Frog Becomes A Great Chief.

Umdhlubu's Beauty Is Celebrated, And Unkosi-yasenthla Sends His People To See Her.

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The King's Daughters Are Summoned, And Umdhlubu Is Chosen For Her Surpassing Beauty.

The Others Are Ashamed, And Hate Her.

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Unkosi-yasenthla Goes With A Thousand Head Of Cattle To Take Umdhlubu As His Bride.

He Arrives At The King's, And Asks For Umdhlubu In Marriage.

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The King Assents.

Umdldubu Is Given To Unkosi-yasenthla.

They Are Received With Rejoicing By Unkosi-yasenthla's People.

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They Complete The Marriage Ceremonies.

The Officer Returns With A Present For Umdhlubu's Mother.

They Build Umdhlubu's Town.

Unkosi-yasenthla Takes Up His Abode There.

The People Return In Safety To Unkosi-yasenzansi.

Appendix (a). Indaba Yenkosi Yentombi.; (the Account Of A Girl-king.)

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Appendix (b.) The Heritage In Polygamic Households.

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Unthlangunthlangu. 24

All The Wives Of The King Have Children Except The Chief Wife.

The Chief Wife Gives Birth To A Snake.

The Snake Is Cast Into A Pool.

The King And His People Fly From The Place, Leaving The Mother Of The Snake Behind.

After Many Years She Follows Them.

She Reaches The King's Village.

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The King Summons Her To His Presence.

She Is Jeered For Her Misfortune.

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The King Mediates, And She Humbles Herself.

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Ten Children Come Out Of The Snake.

They Obtain Oxen, And Set Out In Search Of Their Mother.

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They Enquire At A Village. The People Tell Them To Go Forward.

They Enquire At Another Village, And Are Told To Go Forward.

They Reach Umkuzangwe's Village, And Are Told To Go Forward.

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They Arrive At Their Grandmother's Village.

Their Grandmother Acknowledges Them.

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They Set Out With Their Grandmother, And Reach Their Father's Village.

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Their Mother Recognises Them.

Their Father Makes Many Enquiries Of Their Grandmother.

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The King Asks Them Many Questions.

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They Recognise And Point Out Their Mother.

The Father Acknowledges Them, And Gives Them Cattle.

He Makes Unthlatu-yesiziba King, And Gives Everything Into His Hands.

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Appendix (a). Superstitious Abstinence From Certain Kinds Of Food.

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Appendix (b). Ukuzwana Ngenkaba.; (sympathy By The Navel.)

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Inyoka Enkulu E Nomlilo.; (the Great Fiery Serpent.)

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Utingo Lwenkosikazi.; (the Queen's Bow.)

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Utshintsha Nomnyama.; (utshintsha And The Rainbow.)

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Umnyama.; (the Rainbow.)

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Untombi-yapansi.

The Chief's Three Children.

The Chief's Son Tames A Leopard.

The People Suspect Him.

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His Sister Kills The Leopard.

Usilwane Kills His Sister.

He Lays Her Out In An Attitude Of Sleep.

He Mixes His Sister's Blood With Sheep's Blood, And Cooks It.

He Offers It As Food To Untombi-yapansi.

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She Is Prevented From Eating It By A Fly.

She Gives The Fly Food, And It Tells Her Of The Murder Of Her Sister.

She Runs Away, And Is Pursued By Usilwane.

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Untombi-yapansi Escapes.

She Goes Near The Chief's Garden And Gives An Alarm.

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She Goes To Another Place And Shouts Again.

All The People Run To Her When She Shouts The Third Time.

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Usilwane Is Seized And Bound.

Usilwane Pleads In Vain.

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The Chief Sends Untombi-yapansi To Her Sister.

She Meets With An Imbulu, Who Deceives Her.

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The Imbulu Gives Her A New Name.

They Reach The Sister's Village.

The Imbulu Deceives Her.

Untombi-yapansi Wastes The Food.

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She Is Sent To Watch The Garden.

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She Is Visited By Strange Guests.

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She Returns To The Garden And Udalana Wonders.

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Udalana Makes A Discovery.

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The Chief Visits The Garden.

Udalana Tells The Chief What She Has Discovered.

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The Chief Watches In Vain.

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The Chief Watches A Second Time, And Hears Untombi-yapansi's Charm.

He Watches Her At The River.

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He Surprises Untombi-yapansi.

She Is Made Known To Her Sister.

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The Imbulu Is Destroyed.

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The Chief Marries Untombi-yapansi.

Appendix.

Umkatshana.

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Indaba Kancama-ngamanzi-egudu.; (the Tale Of Uncama-ngamanzi-egudu. 74 )

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Umamba

A King Marries Two Sisters.

The Queen's First Infant Dies.

And Her Second And Third.

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She Gives Birth To A Snake.

Her Sister Gives Birth To A Boy.

The Queen's Sister Is Suspected.

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Damsels Come To Marry The Princes, Bnt They Fear Umamba.

A Damsel Comes To Choose Unsimba, Accompanied By Her Sister.

The Sister Chooses Umamba.

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One Goes To Unsimba's House, The Other To Umamba's.

Unthlamvu-yetusi Is Asked If She Will Be Umamba's Bride.

She Waits On Umamba.

The People Wonder At Her Courage; And Umamba's Mother Rejoices.

Unthlamvu-yetusi Anoints Umamba.

Umamba Transformed.

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Umamba Tells Unthlamvu-yetusi His History.

The Damsels Return To Their Fathers, Accompanied By Their Lovers.

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Umamba Causes Alarm.

Preparations For The Marriage.

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Umamba Reveals Himself At The Wedding-dance.

Unsimba Fears, And The People Rejoice.

Umamba Marries, And Is Happy.

Unanana-bosele.

Unanana Builds In The Road.

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Various Animals Visit Her House In Her Absence.

An Elephant Swallows The Children.

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She Goes In Search Of The Elephant.

The Elephant Attempts To Deceive Her.

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The Elephant Swallows Her, To Her Sorrow.

The Elephant Dies.

Umntwana Wenkosi Ohlakanipileyo.; (the Wise Son Of The King.)

The King's Daughters Bathe. A Strange Thing Happens To The Youngest.

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The King Calls A Council To Consider The Matter.

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The Little One Is Driven From Her Home.

She Wanders, Not Knowing Where To Go.

She Gives Birth To A Boy.

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She Returns To Her Home.

The Child Becomes A Great Doctor.

He Goes About With His Mother Doing Works Of Mercy.

Ufudu Olukulu.; (the Great Tortoise.)

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Appendix.

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Fabulous Animals.

Isitwalangcengce.

The Isitwalangcengce Described.

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The Isitwalangcengce Outwitted.

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Many Escape By A Stratagem.

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Indaba Kadhlokweni.; (the History Of Udhlokweni.)

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Isitshakamana.

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Utikoloshe.

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The Abatwa.

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Abatwa Ukwesabeka Kwabo.; (the Dreadfulness Of The Abatwa.)

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Fables.

Imbila Ya Swela Umsila Ngokuyalezela.; (the Hyrax Went Without A Tail Because He Sent For It.)

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Impisi Nenyanga.; (the Hyena And The Moon.)

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Izimfene Nengwe.; (the Baboons And The Leopard.)

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Indaba Yomuntu Owa Lahla Isinkwa; Wa Pinda Wa Si Funa, Ka B' E Sa Si Tola.; (the Tale Of A Man Who Threw Away Some Bread; He Looked For It Again, But Never Found It.)

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Speaking Animals.

Indaba Yekwababa.; (the Tale Of A Crow.)

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Enye Yekwababa Futi.; (another Tale Of A Crow.)

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Indaba Yenja Eya Kqamba Igama.; (the Tale Of A Dog Which Made A Song.)

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Riddles.

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Key To The Riddles.

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Nursery tales, traditions, and histories of the Zulus, in their own words, with a translation into English, and notes

Published By: Original publisher Springvale, South Africa ; Pietermaritzburg, South Africa ; London: John A. Blair ; Davis and Sons ; Trübner and Co.. 1868. xvi, 375 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Canon Callaway

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Comparative evidence (171); Diet (262); Cannibalism (266); Property (420); Games (524); Literary texts (539); Age stratification (561); Family (590); Kin relationships (602); Aftermath of combat (727); Spirits and gods (776); Avoidance and taboo (784); Ethnometeorology (821); Puberty and initiation (881); Adolescent activities (883);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source consists primarily of texts of popular tales which, according to Callaway, were told by women to children. The author collected these tales in the Zulu language. His transcription in Zulu appears on the left of each page and a literal English appears on the right half of the page. Footnotes and appendixes to the tales contain some ethnographic information and copious references to similar motifs and tales in other parts of the world.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 13

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx20-013

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English and Zulu

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1854-1868

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Physician, Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Eleanor C. Swanson ; 1979

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1854-1868

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zulu (African people)

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