Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Aschwanden, Herbert, 1933-
Cooper, Ursula, 1918-
Symbols of life: an analysis of the consciousness of the
Published By: Original publisher
Gweru, Zimbabwe: Mambo Press. 1982. xviii, 332 p., plates
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Herbert Aschwanden in collaboration with the Karanga
Nurses of the Musiso Hospital at Zaka, Zimbabwe ; English translation by Ursula
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Life and death (761);
Puberty and initiation (881);
Arranging a marriage (584);
Mode of marriage (583);
Sexual intercourse (833);
Status of children (858);
Spirits and gods (776);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The is a study of symbolism in the oral tradition of the
Karanga subgroup, taken from their point of view (continued in Aschwanden et al., 1987).
Nearly all the data came from people in a hospital where the author, a physician, was
assisted in the collection of information by a group of missionary nurses. After discussing
symbols in human society in general, there is a turn to specific symbols in Karanga daily
life referring to the soul, the person, childhood and education, puberty, marriage,
relations between the sexes, sexual intercourse, pregnancy, and birth.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Translation of: Symbole des Lebens. Continued by:
Symbols of death. 1987 Includes bibliographical references and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Physician, Missionary Nurses-5
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle; 1991
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Zaka, Masvingo, Zimbabwe
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Karanga (African people)