Van Velsen, J.. The establishment of the administration in Tongaland

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The establishment of the administration in Tongaland

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Historians in Tropical Africa; proceedings

Published By: Original publisher Historians in Tropical Africa; proceedings Salisbury: University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. 1962. 177-195 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by J. van Velsen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Lakeshore Tonga (FR07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ethos (181); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Form and rules of government (642); External relations (648); Pressure politics (664); Political movements (668);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a history of the development of British administration in Nyasaland from indirect rule to a district administrative system. Van Velsen shows how this was a two-way process. Indirect rule failed because the Tonga were never a chiefdom that the British could influence from the top down. Rather Tonga chiefs or leaders were ‘primus inter pares,’ with limited powers. Tonga chiefs challenged the original system of paramount chiefs and the British acquiesced by forming a chief council. The council grew in size and power, gaining control of the courts. The Tonga believed the new system very effective, however, the British thought otherwise and disbanded it in 1948, replacing it with a district administration system of appointed chiefs.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fr07-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 195)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951-1956

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 1999

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1881-1955

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nkhata Bay District, Northern Province, Malawi

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Malawi

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