Pagés, G.. A Hamitic kingdom in the center of Africa: in Ruanda on the shores of Lake Kivu (Belgian Congo)

Table of Contents

Publication Information

A Hamite Kingdom In The Center Of Africa

Book I A Summary Outline Of Ruanda And Its Inhabitants

Chapter 1 Physical And Ethnological Make-up Of Ruanda. Political, Familial, And Social Organization Of Its Inhabitants.

Their Food Is Varied

Chapter 2 Familial And Social Organization (continued).

Chapter 3 Short Historical Account Of The Hamitic Invasion Of Ruanda

Book Iv (first Fascicle) The Royal Court (its Posts, Privileges, Mores, And Customs)

Chapter 1

I. Posts And Offices Of A Historical And Superstitious Nature. The Keepers Of The Customs And Traditions.

Ii. Official Posts Of Great Importance From The Standpoint Of The Crown ( Ingoma ) As Well As From That Of The Executive. Generals And Official Drummers.

The Pit Of The Bugessera

Chapter 2 Duties Of A Purely Utilitarian Nature

Duties Of A Supposedly Utilitarian Nature, Some Of Which Are Private And Others Public And National. Sorcerers And Diviners Of All Kinds.

Other Duties Similar In Nature To The Preceding. Spell Casters And Bewitchers. Purifiers And Exorcisers Of All Sorts. Makers Of Test Poison.

Taboos And Portents

Other Judicial Tests

Chapter 3 Rain Makers Or Tempest Makers ( Ababvubyi ). Protectors Against Lightning ( Abagangahuzi ). Ravagers Of Crops And Fields ( Abahoryo ).

Part One Months, Seasons, And Principal Rains

I. Native Months

Ii. Seasons

Iii. Names Of The Principal Rains Of The Year

Iv. Seasonal Rites

Part Two Sorcerers Who Are Believed To Haven An Influence On Rain, Lightning, And Crops

Rain Makers ( Ababvubyi )

Protectors Against Lightning And Its Fearsome Consequences

Untitled Section: ...

Chapter 4 Offices Of A Recreational And Literary Nature

Various Impositions On Subjects And Clans

Bloody Bondage Imposed On Some Families

Privileges And Favors At Court

1. Elevation To Noble Rank

2. Other Favors And Privileges

Chapter 5 Safeguard With Which The King Surrounds Himself On The Part Of His Employees. Dangers To Which The Latter Were Exposed Daily. Customs And Formalities Observed By The King And His Subjects.

I. Precautions Employed By The King To Insure The Fidelity Of His Servants And Employees

Ii. Dangers To Which Dignitaries, Employees, And Favorites At Court Were Exposed At All Times

Some Concrete Instances

Victims Of The “milk House”

Victims On Other Counts

Iii. Poisoning And Bewitching: The Use Of Charms And Philters

Iv. Customs And Formalities Observed By The King And His Subjects

Chapter 6

I. The Two Great Festivals At Court

Ii. The Existence And Presentation Of Sacred Herds

Pastoral Terms

Sacred Cows

Iii. Exhibition Of The Objects In The Royal Treasure

Chapter 7 Funeral Rites. Royal Tombs And Sacred Groves. Mummification Of Corpses Under The Action Of Fire. Honors Rendered To Ancestral Spirits. Hierogamies. Assignment Of A Day Of Rest In/memory Of A Royal Prince.

I. Special Customs Observed At The Time Of A Royal Funeral

1. How A King Dies, According To Popular Belief

2. The Corpse Of The Royal Dead Is “smoked”

3. Popular Beliefs Concerning The Survival Of The King

4. Duties And Privileges Of The Undertakers

5. Mourning Rites Observed At The Death Of A Prince

Ii. Royal Tombs And Sacred Groves (cemeteries And Former Capitals)

1. Origin And Constitution Of The Sacred Groves

2. Main Royal Cemeteries

3. Watching Of The Cemeteries And The Honors Rendered To The Spirits Of The Royal Dead

4. The Annual Mourning Period Of Fifteen Days In The Month Of June, Which Ends With An Important Celebration

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: A Hamitic kingdom in the center of Africa: in Ruanda on the shores of Lake Kivu (Belgian Congo)

Published By: Original publisher Bruxelles: Libraire Falk fils, Georges van Campenhout, Successeur. 1933. HRAF ms: v, 293 p. [original: iv, 704 p., 29 plates] [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication G. Pagés

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rwandans (FO57)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Form and rules of government (642); Chief executive (643); Tillage (241); Land use (311); External relations (648); Ethnic stratification (563); Castes (564); Medical therapy (757); Magic (789); Accumulation of wealth (556); Pastoral activities (233); Etiquette (576); Settlement patterns (361); Nonalcoholic beverages (272); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Territorial hierarchy (631); Hunting and trapping (224); Executive household (644); Exploitation (661); Mythology (773); Traditional history (173); Organized ceremonial (796); Pressure politics (664); Military organization (701); Districts (634); Exploitation (661);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Books II, III, and V have not been processed for the files. These chapters deal primarily with mythology and historical matters. In the sections processed, the following subjects are treated: Physical and ethnological make-up of the Ruanda, political and social organization, psychology of the people; a short historical account of the Hamitic invasion of Ruanda; the Royal court personnel and activities; and funeral practices. Almost all discussion of Rundi culture by the author is based on observations made in and about the royal court. Although much of the author's writing is derived from personal experiences among the Rundi, it is apparent that a good deal of his data was obtained from unidentified informants and perhaps suffers from having been transmitted orally through several individuals. The author makes a number of general statements about 'blacks' which, if interpreted as 'Rundi,' may have some authority; but if taken at face value, seem to be unfounded generalizations. The author was a missionary of the White Fathers.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fo57-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from French

Note: Translation of: [Un Royaume hamite au Centre de l'Afrique: au Ruanda sur les Bords du Lac Kivu (Conge Belge)] Translated for the HRAF files by Bernard Scholl in 1960|Not translated: pages 95-346, 541-700

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1925

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. George R. Bedell ; 1960

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1912-1933

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Rwanda

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology Rwanda

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