Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Nelson, Samuel Henry
Colonialism in the Congo basin, 1880-1940
Published By: Original publisher
Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International
Studies. 1994. xii, 279 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Samuel H. Nelson
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
External relations (648);
Community structure (621);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Historical reconstruction (174);
External trade (439);
Labor supply and employment (464);
Labor relations (466);
Community heads (622);
Accumulation of wealth (556);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Environmental quality (318);
Settlement patterns (361);
Sociocultural trends (178);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This book explores the history of the Mongo people of the
Congo Basin from 1880s-1940s, as they suffered from, and adaptively responded to, the
authoritarian rule of Belgian colonialists. Topics covered include forced labor on foreign
rubber and palm oil plantations, changes in the power base of local leaders, and
transformations in kinship system and community organizations. The book challenges earlier
works by explorers and Eurocentric researchers which failed to recognize the agency of
Africans in shaping historical trajectories.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-271) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Teferi Abate Adem; 2008
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
central Congo Basin, Democratic Republic of
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mongo (African people)--History/Mongo (African
people)--Economic conditions/Mongo (African people)--Social conditions/Subsistence
economy--Congo (Democratic Republic)--Tshuapa/River Region/Imperialism/Oral
tradition--Congo (Democratic Republic)--Tshuapa River Region/Tshuapa River Region
(Congo)--History/Tshuapa River Region (Congo)--Economic conditions/ Tshuapa River Region