Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Schlippe, Pierre de, 1904-
Shifting cultivation in Africa: the Zande system of
Published By: Original publisher
London: Routledge &Paul. 1956. xxxi, 304 p. ill.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Pierre de Schlippe
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Cereal agriculture (243);
Vegetable production (244);
Textile agriculture (248);
Land use (311);
Research and development (654);
Annual cycle (221);
General tools (412);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a thorough study of the Azande traditional system
of agriculture in terms of its environmental and cultural limitations. The author, an
agronomist, with years of field experience in Azandeland, offers detailed descriptions of
the ecological setting, soil types, yearly weather cycle and the economic rhythm of Azande
life, including the distribution of work and diet among age and sex classes. The first part
of the book is confined to reporting the factual field study while the second part is
devoted mainly to interpretation and practical suggestions for handling problems of culture
change and administration in Azandeland. The author's major thesis is that traditional
agriculture is not merely one aspect of Azande culture, but is, in fact, the main part if
not synonymous with the total culture in its function of insuring the survival of the group
(with its unique way of life) in its habitat. A lengthy 'notes' part at the end of the book
includes detailed information on native agricultural practices and methods of storage and
processing crops, as additional explanation to the numerous footnotes appearing throughout
the text (see pp. 245-291).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
As an aid to the researcher the end diagrams (figs.
16-24) and plates which appear at the end of the book, originally unpaginated, have been
paginated by the HRAF as pp. 305-365. Frequent references in the text to these diagrams and
plates make this additional pagination practical and necessary. The 'Zande Scheme' of
economic development has been indexed for category 645
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Amal Vinogradov ; John Beierle
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Zande District of Equatoria Province,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Zande (African people)