Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (Edward Evan),
SANZA, a characteristic feature of Zande language and
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Essays in social anthropology
Published By: Original publisher
Essays in social anthropology
London: Faber and Faber. 1962. 204-228 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Gestures and signs (201);
Literary texts (539);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Enlarging upon the findings from his book 'Witchcraft,
Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande,' Evans-Pritchard elucidates in some depth the semantic
and social significance of a speech pattern correlating with those interpersonal
relationships where latent hostility, suspicion, or distrust are built-in. Whenever there
is potential strain or conflict between kin and non-kin, conversational patterns may often
fall into the SANZA category. SANZA is a circumlocutory form of speech or action in which
words and gestures have hidden meanings different in quality from their manifest meanings.
Individuals will thus conceal their malicious, derisive, contemptuous intent toward others
by speaking with sarcasm, irony, innuendo, or in a joking or allegorical style. To the
listener the speech appears emotionally neutral, but to the speaker it is a compensatory
release or outlet for his anger or ill-will toward someone. SANZA thought, which is seen
even in proverbs, folk myths, a humor, etc. relates closely to the witchcraft theme in
Zande philosophy; and both patterns, according the author, may derive from the sharply
authoritarian or hierarchical nature of Azande social structure which limits free or open
expression of emotions toward others.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Because of the complexity and varied connotations and
uses of the concept of SANZA, it was not possible to index the relevant passages for a
single OCM category, or even a pair of categories. Category 195 was selected as the
predominant category, but categories 192, 196, 201, 538, or 539 are also used depending on
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Gilbert Winer ; Robert O. Lagacé ; 1968-1969
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and
Central African Republic; Africa
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Zande (African people)