Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Shipton, Parker MacDonald
Bitter money: cultural economy and some African meanings of
Published By: Original publisher
Washington, D.C.: American Anthropological Association.
1989. vi, 94 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Medium of exchange (436);
Avoidance and taboo (784);
Purification and atonement (783);
Religious offenses (688);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Exchange transactions (437);
Gift giving (431);
External relations (648);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Functional and adaptational interpretations (182);
Revelation and divination (787);
Real property (423);
Recreational and non-therapeutic drugs (276);
Special crops (249);
Mining and quarrying (316);
Buying and selling (432);
Gender status (562);
Age stratification (561);
Alcoholic beverages (273);
Accumulation of wealth (556);
Family relationships (593);
Saving and investment (454);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This book is about concepts of money and exchange among the
Luo of Kenya. It shows that the Luo, who live in a partly monetized economy and a partly
Christianized religious environment, classify cash money into two types. One is 'good', and
the other 'evil' money. The later consists of money from land sale and the transaction of
other religiously forbidden commodities such as tobacco, cannabis, roosters and gold.
Building on anthropological theories of money and the morality of exchange, the book
analyzes this classification as a reflection of important conceptual and social tensions,
stemming partly from disjunctions between new kinds of private accumulation and other,
indigenous forms of economic activity. The Luo conceive of money from forbidden
transactions as barren, and ultimately useless to its owners, yet they also ritually
transform money between good and evil states.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 84-94)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Teferi Abate Adem; 2009
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Luo (Kenyan and Tanzanian people)--Money//Luo (Kenyan and
Tanzanian people)--Economic conditions//Economic anthropology--Kenya//Kenya--Economic