Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Published By: Original publisher
Evanston [Ill.]: Northwestern University Press. 1968.
viii, 265 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Paul and Laura Bohannan
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Commercial facilities (366);
Buying and selling (432);
Internal trade (438);
Retail marketing (443);
Accumulation of wealth (556);
Gender status (562);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The Tiv economy is divided into three separate and ranked
spheres of exchange: those of subsistence, prestige and kinship. The subsistence economy is
based on a three year cropping cycle of yams, millet and beniseed, a cash crop which
provides money to pay taxes. All men have rights to land through their membership in a
lineage, but the actual allocation of acreage is based on the size of one's household.
Women do most of the agricultural work and sell surplus crops and prepared foods in local
markets. Men are involved in more long distant trade between markets, both within and
outside of Tivland. Ibo and Hausa traders also tap into Tiv markets, selling to Tiv foreign
goods and buying their crops for urban and foreign markets. Tiv also exchange prestige
items such as cattle, horses, and brass rods, and in former times, slaves. The ultimate
objective of all these transactions is to secure the necessary wealth in both goods and
prestige to obtain wives, who along with their children are the final measure of Tiv
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-257) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 1996
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Benue State, Nigeria
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Tiv (African people)