O'Hara, Patricia, 1952-. Partners in production?: women, farm and family in Ireland

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 :women In Family Farming In Ireland

The Context


Family Farming In Ireland

Women In Family Farming

Women's Involvement In Family Farming – The Present Study

2 :women, Farm And Family In Ireland

Concepts And Issues


Family Farming In Ireland

Changes In Agriculture In Advanced Capitalist Societies

Capitalism And Family Farming

Scp As A Form Of Production – Friedmann's Approach

Commoditisation And Human Agency

Women And Family Farming

Feminism And Family Labour

Domestic Political Economy – Whatmore's Feminist Reconstruction Of Commoditisation

Women's Exploitation In The Family

Women, Farm And Family – The Present Study

3 :researching Women In Farm Families


Research Challenges

Farm Women As Subjects – Action And Structure

A Qualitative Approach

Which Farm Women? The Regional Issue

The Research Process

Selection Of Households

The Study Areas

The Interviews

4 :creating The Farm Family

Becoming A Farm Wife


Women's Aversion To Farm And Rural Life

Escape Strategies

Regional Differences

The Women Who Became Farm Wives

Farm Wives’ Origins And Education

Occupational Comparisons

The Circumstances Of Marriage

Marrying From Home

Returning From Abroad

Early Marriage – Mothers And In-laws

Reflections And Implications

5 :inside The Family Farm

Women's Work And Family Farming


Farm Wives' Official Invisibility

Divisions Of Labour On Irish Family Farms

Farm Women And Farm Work

Manual Work

Non-manual Work

Rewards For Farm Work

Household Work

The Working Relationship – Four Categories

Working For The Family Farm

The Farm Helper

The Farm Homemaker

Farm Women In Paid Work

The Significance Of The Four Categories

6 :inside The Farm Family

Distribution Of Resources


Ownership Of Land And Property

Sources Of Income

Patterns Of Allocation Of Money

Control And Management

The Housekeeping Allowance And Feelings Of Dependency

Women's Non-farm Income And Family Finances

Everyday Consumption

‘putting Myself Last’

Women's Autonomy And Access To Transportation

Women And Consumption – Some Conclusions

7 :securing The Future

The Reproductive Role Of Farm Women

Introduction – Understanding Reproduction

Farm Children's Exceptional Educational Achievements

Gender Differences In Educational Participation

Education – The Domain Of Mothers

The Cost Of Education

Regional Comparisons

Commitment To Education As A Strategy Of Resistance

Reproduction – Mothers And The Future Of Family Farming

8 :women In Family Farming In Ireland

Conclusions And Reflections


The Evolution Of Family Farming

Women's Subordination And Empowerment – Marriage And Work

Inside The Family – Dependency And Power

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Partners in production?: women, farm and family in Ireland

Published By: Original publisher New York: Berghahn Books. 1998. ix, 182 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Patricia O'Hara

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rural Irish (ER06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural participation (184); Dairying (234); Tillage (241); Real property (423); Income and demand (434); Labor and leisure (461); Division of labor by gender (462); Individual enterprise (472); Gender status (562); Household (592); Family relationships (593); Education system (871);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Beginning with a lengthy review of Marxist and feminist theory on small-scale commodity producers and ethnographic studies of the rural Irish family, the goal in this article is to deconstruct the family farm and recognize women's economic contribution and agency, a topic largely ignored in prior economic studies. From the basis of a survey of six hundred farms and in-depth interviews with sixty women, the author analyzes farm income allocation, division of labor, ownership of land and property, off-farm work, and education. Four categories of women's working relationships to the farm are identified, varying in degree of subordination and empowerment. The important role women have in the socialization and education of their children is discussed, and found to have a significant impact on farm sustainability and reproduction as children are encouraged to find a way out and pursue occupational achievements.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 40

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. er06-040

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 164-176) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1987-1991

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Social Scientist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1987-1991

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ireland

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Women in agriculture--Ireland//Family farms--Ireland//Ireland--Rural conditions


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