Leach, Edmund Ronald. Political systems of highland Burma: a study of Kachin social structure

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I The Problem And Its Setting

Chapter I Introduction

Social Structure

Unit Societies

Model Systems

Ritual

Interpretation

Social Structure And Culture

Chapter Ii The Ecological Background Of Kachin Society

Chapter Iii The Categories Shan And Kachin And Their Subdivisions

Shan

Kachin

Part Ii The Structure Of Kachin Gumsa Society

Chapter Iv Hpalang—an Unstable Kachin Gumsa Community 1

The Mayu-dama System In Hpalang

The Story Of The Hpalang Feud

Chapter V The Structural Categories Of Kachin Gumsa Society

I Introduction

Ii Concepts Of Territorial Division

( A ) Nta —‘a House’ ( B ) Htingnu —‘a Chief's House’

Mare Or Mareng —‘a Village Cluster’

Mung —‘a Domain Or Tract’, ‘a Township’ (cf. Shan Möng, Burmese Myo )

Iii Concepts Concerning Aggregates Of Persons

Htinggaw —‘family’, ‘extended Family’

Amyu, Lakung, Dap, Htinggaw —‘a Lineage’, ‘a Clan’

Bu Ni —‘villagers’

Iv Concepts Of Affinal Relationship And Incest

Mayu-dama —‘affinal Relationship’

V Concepts Of Property And Ownership

Sut —‘wealth’

Land Tenure

Vi Concepts Of Rank And Class

Vii Concepts Of The Supernatural

Nat —‘a Spirit’, ‘a Supernatural Being’

Ga Nat —‘earth Spirit’

Mu Nat —‘sky Spirit’

Gumgun Nat, Masha Nat —‘ancestor Nats’

Uma Nat

Jahtung, Sawn, Lasa —‘evil Spirits, Spooks’

Maraw —‘luck’

Hpyi —‘witch Spirits’. 109

Viii Concepts Of Authority: Political And Religious Office

Duwa —‘chief’

Nwawt —‘diviner’; Myihtoi —‘medium’

Part Iii Structural Variability

Chapter Vi Gumlao And Gumsa

Chapter Vii Gumsa And Shan

Marriage Of Kachin Chief To Shan Princess In Token Of Political Overlordship Of The Shan (or Burmese)

Marriage Of Shan Aristocrat To Kachin Girl Of Aristocratic Status

Chapter Viii The Evidence From Kachin History

Physical Environment

Political Environment

The Human Element

Chapter Ix Myth As A Justification For Faction And Social Change

Chapter X Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Political systems of highland Burma: a study of Kachin social structure

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1954. xii, 324 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication E. R. Leach ; With a foreword by Raymond Firth

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kachin (AP06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Form and rules of government (642); Cultural participation (184); Water supply (312); Tillage (241); Topography and geology (133); Ethnic stratification (563); Behavior toward non-relatives (609); Land use (311); Territorial hierarchy (631); Cereal agriculture (243); Ethnosociology (829); Territorial hierarchy (631); Status, role, and prestige (554); Form and rules of government (642); Production and supply (433); Linguistic identification (197); Settlement patterns (361); Classes (565); Functional and adaptational interpretations (182);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book is concerned with the Kachin and Shan population of North-East Burma. By the author's admission, the ethnographic information is neither detailed nor new, but rather serves as a vehicle for demonstrating what Leach describes as an oscillation between one Kachin 'republican' political system (gumlao) and the Shan 'aristocratic' system. In this description, the native concepts of territorial division, kinship, ownership, the supernatural and authority are discussed. The Appendices are documents offered in support of Leach's 'oscillation' theory. In view of this treatment of the ethnographic data, it is essential that the reader familiarize himself with category 121, before use of other categories is attempted. Chapter IV, i.e., pp. 63ff, is marked with the unnumbered subheading 'Hpalang', in order to delineate the continuity of the categories used. The author did field work among the peoples about whom he writes. He also served in the Burma Army from 1940-45, much of which time was spent in Northern Burma. Dr. Leach did his academic work in the University of London.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 26

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ap06-026

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 313-318)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1939-1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. W. Carr ; 1956

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1930-1954

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kachin State, Burma

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kachin (Asian people)//Ethnology--Burma

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