Swift, M. G. (Michael Godfrey). Malay peasant society in Jelebu

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Characteristics Of The District Of Jelebu

Chapter Ii The Traditional Political System

The Historical Setting

The Position Of The Ruler

The Undang And The Luak

The Internal Organization Of A Clan

Other Major Groups

A Summary Of The ‘custom Law’

Chapter Iii The Nature Of The Economy

Subsistence And Purchase

The Rural Malay In The Malayan Economy

Mixed Economy

Chapter Iv The Major Products: Rice

The Ownership Of Land

Stages Of Production

Naik Ayer

Menyankol And Membalek





The Organization Of Labour

Failure To Cultivate

Rice Sales

Chapter V The Major Products: Rubber And Fruit


Yields And Income




Fruit: Durian And Langsat

The Sale Of Fruit

Other Economic Activities

That Chmaking

Cattle Rearing

Chicken Raising


Chapter Vi Saving And Capital

Chapter Vii The Decline Of The Traditional Political Organization

The Absence Of Formal Sanctions For Adat In Modern Conditions

The New Administrative Organization

Technical Services

The Japanese Occupation

The Control Of Land

The Rigidity Of Kin Grouping

The Alien Groups

The Desire To Hold Office


Chapter Viii Some Recent Adat Disputes

Chapter Ix Family And Domestic Groups (1)

Nuclear Family

The Family Roles

( A ) Husband-wife

( B ) Parent-child

Sibling Relationships


Adoption (djamour, 1952, Rosemary Firth, 1943)



The Legal System

Value-attitudes Towards Divorce

The Implications Of Divorce

(1) The Adjustment Period

(2) The Adult Phase Of A Marriage

Chapter X Family And Domestic Groups (2)

Wider Groupings

The Nuclear Family And Matrilineal Kinship

Chapter Xi The Village, Status And Social Stratification

The Village

Social Class

Traditional Malay Class Structure

Negri Sembilan

Modern Developments

Social Class In Contemporary Village Life

Individual Status

Chapter Xii Economy And Society

Kinship And The Economy

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Malay peasant society in Jelebu

Published By: Original publisher [London] ; New York: Athlone Press; Humanities Press. 1965. x, 181 p. map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by M.G. Swift

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Malays (AN05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Cereal agriculture (243); Special crops (249); Burial practices and funerals (764); Water supply (312); Social relationships and groups (571); Territorial hierarchy (631); Status, role, and prestige (554); Gender status (562); Kin relationships (602); Regulation of marriage (582); Buying and selling (432); Real property (423); Renting and leasing (427); Research and development (654); Legal norms (671); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Community heads (622);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book is concerned with change and continuity in the social organization of Malasian peasants. The focus is on the impact of economic changes, with particular reference to the expansion of rubber trees, on the materilieal kinship system of Malayans living in the Jelebu district of Negri Sembilan state. The central theme of the book shows the gradual declining of the matrilineal kinship system for a wide variety of reasons. The most important of these include the rise of political islam and expansion of global market forces. The first dislocated traditional (adat) rules which previously enhanced Malayan womens' roles in land ownership, inheritance and family life. The later generated tension that tended to replace rice, which had been villagers' prime choice for diet and its cultural values, with highly lucrative, but male dominated, rubber trees.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 198

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. an05-198

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'Shortened version of a thesis presented ... in the University of London.' Includes bibliographical references (p. 177-178)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1954-1960

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem; 2009

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1830-1960

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Jelebu district, Negri Sembilan State, Malaysia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Malaysia--Kampong Jelebu (Negeri Sembilan)


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