Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
A report on an investigation of the Miao of western
Published By: Original publisher
Shanghai, China: Academia Sinica, The Institute of History
and Philology. 1947. HRAF ms: xi, 356 p. [original: xxiii, 479 p.] ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Shun-sheng Ling and Yih-fu Ruey ; translation by Lien-en
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Topography and geology (133);
Community structure (621);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
General character of religion (771);
Territorial hierarchy (631);
External trade (439);
External relations (648);
Accumulation of wealth (556);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is an investigation of the Hunan Miao who were visited
by Ling and Ruey in the spring and summer of 1933. Data in the chapters on history and
geography and in chapters 6 and 7 on Miao officials and the T'un system of defense are from
secondary sources. Ethnographic data appearing in this source pertain to: cultural
identification and geographical distribution of the Miao, geography, economics, family
organization, marriage, funerary practices, political organization, magic and religion, and
dances and amusements. There is much information in this source on Miao religion,
especially in regard to propitiation ceremonies for the purposes of curing, insuring luck,
etc., and on the various Miao dances.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Component part(s), monograph
Language: Language that the document is written in
English translation from Chinese
Translation of:[Hsiang-hsi Miao-tsu Tiao-ch's
Pao-kao]|The original Chinese text is not included in the eHRAF collection. The original
text is included in the HRAF microfiche collection Translated from the Chinese for the
Human Relations Area Files by Lien-en Tsao|Chapter X, Folklore is not included
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Hunan Province, China
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ethnology--Hmong (Asian people)/Religion--Hmong (Asian