Ling, Shun-sheng. A report on an investigation of the Miao of western Hunan

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter One Changes In Name Of The Miao Tribe

(1) The Ancient San Miao Were Not The Present-day Miao

(2) The Ancient Chiu Li Are The Present-day Li

(3) The Ancient “man” Are The Present-day Yao And Yü

(4) The Present-day Miao Were The Ancient Mao

(5) The Hung Miao Call Themselves “kuo Hsiung” [ko□ (ə)ioη□] A Tentative Explanation.

Chapter Two The Geographical Distribution Of The Miao

Chapter Three The Human Geography Of The Miao Frontier Country

Chapter Four The Economic Life Of The Miao

Chapter Five The Family And Marriage And Funeral Customs

(1) The Family

(2) Marriage

(3) Birth

(4) Funerals

Chapter Six Political Organization — Miao Officials

(1) The Establishment Of Miao Official Posts

(2) The Organization Of Miao Officials

Chapter Seven T'un Fields

(1) Successive Changes In T'un Defense

(2) The Organization Of T'un Defense

Chapter Eight Magic And Religion

(1) Religion

1. Miao Religion

(1) Sacrifice To The Ancestors

(2) Eating Pigs

(3) Ta Chia Hsien

(4) Bludgeoning The Ox

(5) Redeeming The Soul

(6) Sacrifice To The Kuei Of Pimples

(7) Ta Kan Lo

(8) Sending Away The Supernatural Force Of The Old Trees

(9) Cleansing The House

(10) Cleansing The Cat

(11) Drinking Blood

(12) Releasing The Soul Of The Dead From Suffering

(13) The Kuei Of The Five Grains

(14) Welcoming The Dragon

(15) Warming The Ox Muzzle

(16) Handing Over The Ox

2. The Guest Religion

(1) The Local Divinity Of The Soil

(2) The Flying Mountain

(3) Sacrifice To T'ien Wang

(4) Ma-yang Ta Wang

(5) The Kung-an Shen

(6) Sacrifice To The Fourth Official Shen

(7) The Great Yen-lao Shen

(8) The Great Yen-t'ang Shen

(9) The Kuei Of The High Slope

(10) The Kuei Of Those Of The Five Surnames Who Died Of Injuries

(11) The Kuei Of Deceit

(12) Expelling The Five Kuei

(13) The White Tiger

(14) Expelling Evil Influences

(15) Expelling The Kuei Of Quarrels

(16) The Wind Kuei

(17) The Tea Shen

(18) Offering Thanks To The Earth

(19) Offering Thanks To Graves

(20) Lu Pan

(21) Lo Kung

(22) Putting Up An Earth Bridge

(23) Nuan No

(24) Huan No Yüan

(2) Magic

1. The Magic Of Drawing Water

2. Letting-out-the-ku Magic

Chapter Nine The Drum Dance And Amusements

(1) The Drum Dance

1. The Drumstick Dance

(1) The Combing-the-hair Dance (illus. 85)

(2) Inserting-a-flower Dance (illus. 86)

(3) The Sword-carrying Dance (illus. 87)

(4) The Flying-bird Dance (illus. 88)

(5) The Picking-the-ear Dance (illus. 89)

(6) The Lifting-a-tripod Dance (illus. 90)

(7) The Flower /fancy/-hand Drum Dance (illus. 91, 92)

(8) The Round-hand Drum Dance (illus. 93, 94)

(9) Monkey Dance (illus. 95)

(10) The Drawing-out-a-fire-pot Dance (illus. 96)

(11) The Forging-iron Dance (illus. 97)

(12) The Turning-a-mill Dance (illus. 98)

(13) The Pulling-a-beard Dance (illus. 99)

(14) The Going-through-a-hole Dance (illus. 100)

(15) The Flowers-covering-the-head Dance (illus. 101)

(16) Raising-the-hand Flower Drum Dance (illus. 102)

(17) The Yin-yang Two-hands Dance (illus. 103)

(18) The Dragon-around-the-waist Dance (illus. 104)

(19) The Fish-jumping Dance (illus. 105)

(20) The Dragon-changing-into-a-fish Dance (illus. 106)

(21) The Monkey-teasing-the-ox Dance (illus. 107)

(22) The Rice-shoot-transplanting Dance (illus. 108)

2. The Fist Dance

(1) The Flowers-blooming-skyward Dance (illus. 109)

(2) The Firecracker Dance (illus. 110)

(3) The Lion-chasing-a-ball Dance (illus. 111)

(4) The Dog-going-through-a-hole Dance (illus. 112)

(5) The Riding-a-horse Dance (illus. 113)

(6) The Fierce-tiger-sitting-in-a-hall Dance (illus. 114)

(7) The Fierce-tiger-descending-the-hill Dance (illus. 115)

(8) The Ta-pa-pa Dance (illus. 116)

(ii) Amusements

(1) Firing Mud Guns

(2) Making Mud Coins

(3) Tattooing The Wrist

(4) Swings

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: A report on an investigation of the Miao of western Hunan

Published By: Original publisher Shanghai, China: Academia Sinica, The Institute of History and Philology. 1947. HRAF ms: xi, 356 p. [original: xxiii, 479 p.] ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Shun-sheng Ling and Yih-fu Ruey ; translation by Lien-en Tsao

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Miao (AE05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Location (131); Topography and geology (133); Tillage (241); Marriage (580); Household (592); Community structure (621); Burial practices and funerals (764); ; General character of religion (771); Magic (789); Music (533); Territorial hierarchy (631); External trade (439); External relations (648); Accumulation of wealth (556);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an investigation of the Hunan Miao who were visited by Ling and Ruey in the spring and summer of 1933. Data in the chapters on history and geography and in chapters 6 and 7 on Miao officials and the T'un system of defense are from secondary sources. Ethnographic data appearing in this source pertain to: cultural identification and geographical distribution of the Miao, geography, economics, family organization, marriage, funerary practices, political organization, magic and religion, and dances and amusements. There is much information in this source on Miao religion, especially in regard to propitiation ceremonies for the purposes of curing, insuring luck, etc., and on the various Miao dances.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ae05-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Chinese

Note: Translation of:[Hsiang-hsi Miao-tsu Tiao-ch's Pao-kao]|The original Chinese text is not included in the eHRAF collection. The original text is included in the HRAF microfiche collection Translated from the Chinese for the Human Relations Area Files by Lien-en Tsao|Chapter X, Folklore is not included

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1933

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1933

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Hunan Province, China

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Hmong (Asian people)/Religion--Hmong (Asian people)

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