Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Aschmann, Homer, 1920-
Environment and ecology in the 'Northern Tonto' claim
Published By: Original publisher
New York: Garland Pub. Inc.. 1974. 167-232 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Homer Aschmann
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Western Apache (NT21)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Culture summary (105);
Topography and geology (133);
External relations (648);
Land use (311);
Annual cycle (221);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This article contains detailed ecological information on
the area shared by the northern Tonto and the northeastern Yavapai between 1846 and 1886.
Not only are the topographical, geological, floral and faunal data provided for the various
ecozones, but an attempt is made to reconstruct land use/population distribution patterns
for the period.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
H. Aschmann's report presented before the Indian
Claims Commission, Northern Tonto docket no. 22-J Includes bibliographical references (p.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Jan Simpson ; Eleanor C. Swanson ; 1980
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Northern Tonto Apache, east central Arizona,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Western Apache Indians