Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Anders, Gary C.
Dependence and underdevelopment: the political economy of
Cherokee Native Americans
Published By: Original publisher
Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International.
1979 [1987 copy]. iii, vii, 202 leaves ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Gary Carson Anders
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
External relations (648);
Public welfare (657);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Real property (423);
Government regulation (656);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This study focuses on the factors which have contributed to
Indian underdevelopment by demonstrating the relationship between the Cherokee tribal
economy and the local White economy (p. 17). The author suggests that long-standing U. S.
government policies are the basis of Cherokee and other Native Americans' economic
dependency. Such dependency he finds is characteristic of internal colonialism. The first
chapter details the distribution of poverty as measured in levels of unemployment, earnings
and education among Native Americans generally and compares these figures with those for
other minority groups. The author then outlines dependency theory whereby nations in
control of dependent populations extract economic resources from them for their own use
rather than for their colonies' development. This theoretical model the author applies
specifically in the case of the Cherokee and to other Indians as well. The author further
defends his theoretical approach by comparing dependency theory with conventional theories
of development. The middle sections review not only the exploitative side of Cherokee
contacts with Whites from the 16th through the 19th centuries, but also elaborates on
Cherokee achievements in education and commerce which were extensive enough to make them
economically self-sufficient. Cherokee participation in U. S. affairs, especially the Civil
War, helped to exacerbate internal polarities between tribal members, however. The last
sections of the text concern the establishment of the Cherokee Nation after 1838. The net
effect of Federal policies toward the Cherokee as well as the division between Cherokee
fullbloods and mixedbloods was the consistent loss of land from the former group. The
author maintains that the dispute between traditional Cherokees, who try to preserve their
heritage, and the mixedbloods, who control the Indian bureaucracy and have cultural ties
with the local economy in Oklahoma as well, is central to understanding Indian
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
UM7908374 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Notre Dame,
1979 Includes bibliographical references The first chapter, detailing the distribution of
poverty as measured in levels of unemployment, earnings and education among Native
Americans generally and comparing these figures with those for other minority groups, has
been Indexed for 'THEORETICAL ORIENTATION IN RESEARCH AND ITS RESULTS' (121).
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Delores Walters ; John Beierle ; 1988
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Oklahoma, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings