Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Abrahams, Roger D.
Published By: Original publisher
Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House Publishers, Inc.. 1976. xiv,
102 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Roger D. Abrahams
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
African Americans (NK04)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Social relationships and groups (571);
Gender status (562);
Talent mobility (555);
Aggression training (865);
Independence training (866);
Transmission of cultural norms (867);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This work is a detailed sociolinguistic study of Black
English as it functions as a system of communication within and between various social
segments of Afro-American communities in the United States. Much of the material presented
here was gathered by the author, a linguist and folklorist, from observations of Black
speaking behavior in the ghettos of Philadelphia, in Texas, and throughout the British West
Indies. The source concentrates on Black English, not so much from its linguistic analysis,
as from its use by American Blacks as a highly adaptable 'speaking system' of behaviors
involving variations in style according to the appropriateness of the occasion, the
relationship of the speaker to his/her listeners, what the speaker expects in return, etc.
These behaviors are discussed throughout the major portion of the text under such terms as
'signifying, rapping, hipping, talking shit, putting-down, putting-on, hoorawing, and
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 93-98) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1986
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
African Americans--Folklore//English language--Social
aspects--United States//Black English