Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Appell, George N.
The Dusun languages of northern Borneo: Rungus Dusun and
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Oceanic linguistics -- Vol. 7
Published By: Original publisher
Oceanic linguistics -- Vol. 7
[Honolulu, etc.]: [University Press of Hawaii]. 1968.
1-15 p. map
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
G. N. Appell
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Rungus Dusun (OC13)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Topography and geology (133);
Reviews and critiques (114);
Linguistic identification (197);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In this article G. N. Appell reviews the literature on
Dusun languages and dialects. The problem is where does one draw the line between
dialects, languages, and ethnic groups? For example, one researcher identified one
'Rungus' dialect group occupying the whole Kudat Peninsula. Appell says that there are
actually four dialects represented on the Peninsula, including Rungus, along with Nulu,
Gonsomon, and Tobilong. Appell claims that the original researcher had used a
Rungus-speaking Nulu informant and uncritically accepted people's self-ascription as
'Rungus.' According to Appell, Rungus, Nulu, and Gonsomon form the Marudu Dusun language
group, and are found on both sides of Marudu Bay, which separates the Kudat and Malobong
Peninsulas. The Dusun language family includes Ranau, Bundu, Tambunan, Lotud, Penampang,
Rungus, Labuk, and Mangkok. Other language groups besides Dusun in the state of Sabah
are the Northern Murut languages, Southern Murut languages, and Bisaya. The appendix
contains a listof 200 basic words.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 14-15)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 2000
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Dusun (Bornean people)