Bohannan, Paul. Tiv economy

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

1 The Tiv And Their Economy

Tiv Country

Tiv Economy




2 Householding: The Domestic Unit (ya)

The Compound

Members Of The Compound

The Size And Plan Of The Compound

Fission Of The Compound

3 The Tar

Residence Rules And Settlement Patterns

4 Farms And Produce (yiagh)

Crops And Crop Rotation

Cleared Ground (ihyande)


Mounds (avom)

The Field (sule)


Second-year Fields (akuur)

Fallow (tsa)

Reclaimed Swamp (pagh)

Kitchen Gardens (ikongo)

The Size Of Tiv Farms

5 Work (tom)

Sexual Division Of Agricultural Labor

Division Of Labor On Other Bases

The Basic Work Group

Cooperation Among Women

Cooperation Among Men

Amount Of Work Performed

6 Land Rights: Social Relations In Terrestrial Space

Land Tenure

Land Maps

Land Rights


“communal Tenure”

Inheritance, Rental, And Sale


7 Going To The Farm (udzan Shin Tiev)


Land Disputes

Going To The Farm



8 Resources, Tools, And “capital”

Water, Mineral, And Bush Rights

Agricultural Implements And Tools


9 Animal Husbandry, Hunting, And Gathering

Animal Husbandry

Hunting And Trapping



10 Domestic Economy

Control Of Agricultural Products

Preservation And Storage Of Staples



11 Allocation: Reciprocity



12 The Traditional Market Place

History And Organization Of Ticha Market

History And Organization Of Iyon Market

13 The Dynamics Of The Market Place

History And Organization Of Tsar Market

The Market War

The Reestablishment Of Tsar Market


14 Structure And Characteristics Of Tiv Market Places

Political Aspects Of The Market

Social Values Of The Market

15 The Network Of Market Places

Market Neighborhoods And Market Cycles

The Ticha Cycle

The Iyon Cycle

Seven-day Cycles

Marketless Areas Of Tivland

Markets Linked By Flow Of Goods

Market Patterns

Movement Of Goods


16 The Principles Of Tiv Economy

Control Of Factors And Of Products


Spheres Of Exchange

“conveyance” And “conversion”



17 Growth Of The Market Sector

Containing The Market

Western Markets

The Impact Of The West

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Tiv economy

Published By: Original publisher Evanston [Ill.]: Northwestern University Press. 1968. viii, 265 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Paul and Laura Bohannan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tiv (FF57)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Agriculture (240); Commercial facilities (366); Buying and selling (432); Internal trade (438); Retail marketing (443); Accumulation of wealth (556); Gender status (562); Household (592); Lineages (613);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The Tiv economy is divided into three separate and ranked spheres of exchange: those of subsistence, prestige and kinship. The subsistence economy is based on a three year cropping cycle of yams, millet and beniseed, a cash crop which provides money to pay taxes. All men have rights to land through their membership in a lineage, but the actual allocation of acreage is based on the size of one's household. Women do most of the agricultural work and sell surplus crops and prepared foods in local markets. Men are involved in more long distant trade between markets, both within and outside of Tivland. Ibo and Hausa traders also tap into Tiv markets, selling to Tiv foreign goods and buying their crops for urban and foreign markets. Tiv also exchange prestige items such as cattle, horses, and brass rods, and in former times, slaves. The ultimate objective of all these transactions is to secure the necessary wealth in both goods and prestige to obtain wives, who along with their children are the final measure of Tiv wealth.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 32

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ff57-032

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-257) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1949-1953

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1909-1953

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Benue State, Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tiv (African people)


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