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Malay fishermen
Book 1946 Firth, Raymond

MalaysAsia > Southeast Asia
This study is based on a general survey in 1939-1940 covering nearly all the fishing communities in the states of Kelantan and Trengganu and some villages in the north of Pahang. Firth carried out eight months of intensive work in fishing villages an...
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Economics of the New Zealand Maori
Book 1959 Firth, Raymond

MaoriOceania > Polynesia
This classic in economic anthropology is a functional study of aboriginal Maori social and economic organization prior to 1840. It touches on class structure, land system, industry, methods of co-operative labor, exchange and distribution, the psycho...
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Culture summary
essay 1995 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is a culture summary of the Tikopia....
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Primitive Polynesian economy
Book 1939 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is a complete and detailed analysis of the economic system in Tikopia. Principles of land ownership, rules for gift-giving on ceremonial occasions and in payment for work, and kinship obligations governing mutual aid are discussed in detail. Sin...
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We, the Tikopia
Book 1936 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is an analysis of the importance of kinship in the regulation of Tikopia life. The interpenetration of kinship with other aspects of culture is pointed out most clearly by the author in his evaluation of the Tikopia regulation of land ownership,...
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The work of the gods in Tikopia
Book 1940 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is an exhaustive and thorough account of the major religious cycle of the Tikopia, the Work of the Gods. Firth was present at or participated in many of the rites, and the result is a detailed description of the procedural form of the individual...
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The meaning of dreams in Tikopia
essay 1934 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article presents a short account of the native explanation of dreams, their interpretation of them as omens for good or evil, and the reasons why the expected actions were not borne out in fact, if they were not. It was not possible for Firth in...
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Bond-friendship in Tikopia
essay 1936 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article explains the purpose of this institutionalized form of friendship found in Tikopia, and the functions it performs in the social life of the two people it joins. Individual cases of bond friendship are cited, and incidents of strange orig...
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A dart match in Tikopia
article 1930 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
In this article Firth discusses the actual throwing techniques employed in the dart match, the methods of scoring, the ceremonies performed to obtain victory, the songs composed on victory or defeat, and the importance of the sport itself and the fun...
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Totemism in Polynesia
article 1931 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
In this study Firth discusses the question of the form of totemism existing in Polynesia, and uses materials from his study in Tikopia to demonstrate a form of totemism, and to explain the native attitude regarding it....
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Report on research in Tikopia
article 1930 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This summary account of the Tikopian culture is one result of a study of the relation of Polynesian to Melanesian cultures. The article covers economic conditions, social organization, religion, and history of the culture....
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Marriage and the classificatory system of relationships
article 1930 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article is a discussion of the modifications of kinship terms and kin relationships consequent to 'anomalous' marriages in Tikopia. 'Anomalous' marriages are those unions of classificatory kin whose marriageability with regard to each other is l...
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Tatooing in Tikopia
article 1937 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article consists of a brief description of tattooing in Tikopia, including material on specialists, transmission of the skill, special tools, designs, and associated ritual. An account of the traditional origin of the art is also presented....
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The sociology of 'magic' in Tikopia
article 1954 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This paper consists of a description of Tikopian magic of 'production,' 'protection,' and 'destruction,' and discusses the changes in form and content of magic which occured between the time of the author's first field trip (1928-29) and his second (...
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Bark-cloth in Tikopia, Solomon Islands
article 1947 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is a brief account of the manufacture and use of bark-cloth in Tikopia. A Tikopian synoptic text and its translation of the process of bark-cloth making is included....
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A native voyage to Rennell
article 1931 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is an account of a voyage of two young Tikopian men to Rennell Island. Firth includes the English translation of the native text of the canoe trip and summarizes the comments of the informant, who stayed for six months, with Rennell customs....
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Privilege ceremonials in Tikopia
article 1951 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is an account of some 'privilege ceremonials' (rituals performed by particular groups which have 'rights' to them) associated with specific kin groups in Tikopia. Firth analyzes the role of these ceremonials in the integration of the society. Na...
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Economics and ritual in sago extraction in Tikopia
article 1950 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is a description of the preparation of sago and related ritual. A brief discussion of 'Sago in the Western Pacific' is included. Firth's conclusions relates sago ritual to the more general function of ritual in the integration of Tikopia society...
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The analysis of mana
article 1939 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is a summary of Tikopian concepts of magical force, or mana. Firth defines the relevant native terms and furnishes contextual material in the form of ethnographic descriptions and native texts. The appendix consists of texts....
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Privilege ceremonials in Tikopia
article 1955 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
Firth intended this article to be an addition to an article he wrote four years earlier (14: Firth. Privilege Ceremonials in Tikopia). In this second account of 'privilege ceremonials,' Firth adds material gathered during his second field trip to Tik...
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Authority and public opinion in Tikopia
essay 1949 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article is concerned with the expression of public opinion and the action taken in regard to it, and is discussed particularly in terms of decision, leadership, and organization....
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Social change in Tikopia
Book 1959 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This monograph is a restudy of Tikopia a generation after Firth's first field work there. The book covers two major topics. The first of these topics is the adjustment the community made to a famine while Firth was there in 1952. The second major top...
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Ceremonies for children and social frequency in Tikopia
article 1956 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
In this paper Firth describes rites for the child that are held during pregnancy, at birth and during early childhood. From these data Firth raises two questions: what are the social functions of these rites and what theoretical explanations can be g...
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Rumor in a primitive society
article 1956 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This article is a study of the nature and social function of rumor in a small scale society. Many of the causes and incidents discussed were part of the author's field experience and reflect on the role of the anthropologist in the society which he i...
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Succession to chieftainship in Tikopia
article 1960 Firth, Raymond

TikopiaOceania > Polynesia
This is an intensive study of the institution of chieftainship and its importance to the Tikopia political system and religion. Firth discusses qualities desired for elevation to chieftainship, principles of succession, and the actual mechanism of el...
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