Observation in research
Observations in the field. Techniques for establishing rapport; assumption or ascription of a status in the community; methods of altering the observer's status; adoption of the technique of participant observation; degree of participation in community life actually achieved; effect of the observer's presence on the life of the community; effects of the gender of the observer; observer's reflections on her or his feelings, attitudes, or intellectual development inspired by fieldwork; etc.
This term replaced "Observational Role" in 1997. This term was changed from "Observational Role In Research" to "Observation In Research" in 2005. The phrase "Observations in the field." was added to the scope note in 2005.