Subject Description



OCM Identifier


Subject Description

Performance of symbolic acts in prescribed forms such as ringing bells, burning candles, sprinkling with holy water; gestures (e.g., sign of the cross), recital of formulas (e.g., blessings); praying in prescribed forms (e.g., tobacco invocations, chanting, with rosary, with prayer wheel); recitation of mantras, litanies, and liturgies; formal processions; making of pilgrimages; etc.

The scope note was rewritten in 2000.

Religious practices

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