The Ticuna are a small group of indigenous people whose traditional homeland was located in the northern side of the Amazon-Solimoes Rivers in a tropical rainforest region shared by Brazil, Peru and Colombia. Cultivation was their economic mainstay, but hunting, gathering and fishing were important subsidiary activities. Traditional Ticuna settlements were each composed of one large communal house occupied by several families.
Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.
South America --Amazon and Orinoco
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Documents referred to in this section are included in eHRAF World Cultures and are referenced by author, date of publication and eHRAF document number.
In addition to this culture summary, the The Ticuna Collection (SQ20) consists of three documents, all of them in English, covering cultural, economic and environmental information circa 1941 to 1995. Two of these documents are produced by Curt Nimuendaju, a German anthropologist who conducted ethnographic fieldwork among the Ticuna in 1935 and 1941-1942 on behalf of University of California. The documents vary in size, and coverage. One is a larger monograph describing economic activities, aspects of material culture, personality character and social life, social organization (largely focusing on clans and moieties), art, religion and magic (Nimuendaju 1952, no. 1). The other is a brief over view of Ticuna culture originally published in the Handbook of South American Indians, (Nimuendaju 1948, no. 2). Together, these works provide a well rounded first hand account of Ticuna culture and society as observed by the author. The document by Hammond, Dolman and Watkinson (1995, no. 6) The remaining one document discusses the ways the Ticuna adaptively transformed their traditional swidden-fallow land use practices to make advantage of emerging market opportunities in timber and forest products. (Hammond, Dolman and Watkinson 1995, no. 6).
For more detailed information on the context of the individual works in the file, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
Captain - Ticuna village chiefs in Brazil - use "LOCAL OFFICIALS (624)"
Curaca - Ticuna village chiefs in Peru and Colombia - use "LOCAL OFFICIALS (624)"
La pelazón – Spanish, "hair cropping" - use "PUBERTY AND INITIATION (881)"
Môca nova – Portuguese, "new girl" - use "PUBERTY AND INITIATION (881)"
Natcii- Human soul - use "ESCHATOLOGY (775)"
Swidden-fallow - use "TILLAGE (241)" with "LAND USE (311)"
Tipoia- Carrying sling for infants - use "UTENSILS (415)" with "INFANT CARE (854)"
Uajuri- Communal work party - use "COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATION (474)"