Collection Description

Culture Name


Culture Description

The Xavante live in dispersed communities in eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil. They have a strong egalitarian and collective ethos, with community decisions made in men’s councils, balancing lineage and moiety interests while reinforcing age-grade and gender power differentials. The degree of consensus thereby obtained facilitated not just a flexible, wide-ranging economy of semi-sedentary hunting, gathering, and swidden agriculture, but also a successful resistance to assimilation until the mid-twentieth century, when a government development program involving forced resettlement of indigenous peoples resulted in restricted mobility and a loss of lands. Under a changed political climate later in the century, the Xavante managed to regain some lands, reclaim their history and revitalize their culture.


Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.


South America --Eastern South America



OWC Code


Number of Documents


Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages


Close Box