The Austronesian speaking Northeastern Massim peoples occupy a region encompassing the northeastern offshore islands of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. Muyuw, by far the largest island, is also the name of the regional [i]lingua franca[/i], and a blanket term for Northeastern Massim peoples excepting those on Trobriand-influenced Yanaba and the Marshall Bennett Islands. Social organization is based on clans that function primarily in the selection of marriage partners, and subclans that function as property holding units. Traditionally, each clan recognized one man as its head, and the head of the most important clan on each island was recognized as the paramount chief. Kinship terminology is a variant of the Crow type used in the Trobriands. Subsistence is based on fishing and agriculture.
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Papua New Guinea
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Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF World Cultures Collection and are referenced by author, date of publication and, as needed, an abbreviated title.
The OL07 Northeastern Massim collection consists of several documents dealing primarily with the time period from 1845 to 1999. It concentrates heavily on the
For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this file, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
Aluw -- incorporeal aspects of a deceased person; an ancestor -- Use Eschatology ( 775 )
Anagin tavalam -- mortuary ritual -- Use Cult Of The Dead ( 769 )
Balouma -- spirit children -- Use Eschatology ( 775 )
Bibira -- cleansing of the land and the people by sending away illness -- Use Magical And Mental Therapy ( 755 )
Bwagaw -- witch or witchcraft -- Use Sorcery ( 754 )
Dal -- subclan -- Use Lineages ( 613 )
Dibadeb -- post in or near the center of a village, around which dancing takes place -- Use Miscellaneous Structures ( 349 )
Garden specialist -- -- Use Magicians And Diviners ( 791 )
Geliw -- supernatural being -- Use Spirits And Gods ( 776 )
Gulugwal -- closing gift in kula -- Use Gift Giving ( 431 )
Intersubjective spacetime -- -- Use Social Relationships And Groups ( 571 )
Kaypul -- informal gathering of men to discuss local problems -- Use Public Lectures ( 544 )
Kitoum -- personally owned kula valuables -- Use Accumulation Of Wealth ( 556 )
Kum -- clan -- Use Sibs ( 614 )
Lo’un -- mortuary ceremony that ends the marriage between a deceased’s father and mother -- Use Cult Of The Dead ( 769 )
Local government council -- -- Use Territorial Hierarchy ( 631 )
Sagal -- general term of a series of mortuary rites -- Use Burial Practices And Funerals ( 764 )
Seygous -- yam houses, as a structure -- Use Outbuildings ( 343 )
Silami -- use of a variety of poisonous leaves to cause death -- Use Offenses Against Life ( 682 )
Sinvalam -- -- Use Kin Relationships ( 602 )
Taraveru -- male head or owner of a hamlet -- Use Community Heads ( 622 )
Umata -- dala or lineage of the deceased -- Use Lineages ( 613 )
Vag -- opening gift in kula -- Use Gift Giving ( 431 )
Valuables -- -- Use Accumulation Of Wealth ( 556 )
Ven -- division of villages on Muyuw into two pseudomoieties, formerly war communities incorporating complementary economic production -- Use Community Structure ( 621 ) and/or Territorial Hierarchy ( 631 )